Change the display of a 3-D chart

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To make a 3-D chart, such as a 3-D column, 3-D line, or 3-D surface chart) easier to read, you can change the 3-D format, rotation, and scaling of the chart.

For charts that display chart elements in 3-D without using a third, depth axis (such as a pie in 3-D, bar in 3-D, or stacked area in 3-D chart), you can change the 3-D format of the 3-D chart elements. However, 3-D rotation and scaling options are not available for the individual chart elements — you can change the 3-D rotation and scaling for the whole chart only.

顯示水平、垂直及深度座標軸的立體圖表

If smaller data markers are hidden behind larger ones in a 3-D chart, you can reverse the order of the 資料數列 that are plotted in the chart, or you can use transparency to improve the visibility of all data markers.

The examples here are from Excel 2016, though charts are available in Word, PowerPoint, and Outlook as well. If you're using one of these program, the features are the same, but there may be slight differences in getting to the initial charts.

  1. On the worksheet, select the cells that contain the data that you want to use for the chart.

  2. On the Insert tab, click Charts if you just see the icon, or click a chart you want to use.

    Excel charts buttons

You can also click the See all charts icon in the lower right of the Charts section. This opens the Chart dialog, where you can pick any chart type. Each category usually show both 2D and 3D. Choose one.

  1. On a 3-D chart, click the chart element, such as bars or lines, that you want to change the 3-D format, or do the following to select it from a list of chart elements.

    1. Click a chart.
      This displays the Chart Tools, adding the Design and Format tabs.

    2. 在 [格式] 索引標籤上的 [目前的選取範圍] 群組中,按一下 [圖表項目] 方塊旁邊的箭號,然後按一下要使用的圖表項目。

      Current selection area with element selection highlighted

  2. Keyboard shortcut  You can, instead, click the chart element for which you want to change the 3-D format, and then press CTRL+1. Continue with step 3.

  3. In the Current Selection group, click Format Selection.

  4. Click Effects, click 3-D Format, and then select one or more of the following options.

    Chart Effects button

    1. Click Top bevel or Bottom bevel and then click the bevel format that you want to use.

      In the Width and Height boxes, select the point size that you want to use.

    2. Click Material, and then click the effect that you want to use.

    3D format settings

    附註: Availability of these options depends on the chart element that you selected. Some options that are presented in this dialog box are not available for all charts.

    The settings in this dialog operate on the chart element you select. If you choose the whole chart, it creates frames, while if you chose a data series, it works only on the elements of that series.

You can change the chart depth in 3-D charts that have axes, the gap depth in 3-D perspective charts, and the gap width in 3-D bar or column charts.

  1. Click the 3-D chart that you want to change.

  2. On the Format menu, click Selected Data Series.

  3. On the Format Data Series tab, click Series Options, and then select the depth and width options that you want to use.

    Setting data series gap depth and width properties

附註: Availability of these options depends on the chart element that you selected. Some options that are presented in this dialog box are not available for charts.

  1. Click the chart area of the 3-D chart that you want to rotate, or select Chart area from the Chart elements list under Current Selection on the Format tab.

  2. Keyboard shortcut  You can, instead, click the chart area, and then press CTRL+1. Continue with step 3.

  3. On the Format Chart Area tab, click Effects, and then click 3-D Rotation.

    Chart Effects button

  4. 請執行下列其中一或多項操作:

    3D rotation properties

    1. To change the rotation, click the degree of rotation that you want in the X Rotation and Y Rotation boxes.

      附註: Charts can be rotated around the horizontal and vertical axes but never around the depth axis. Therefore, you cannot specify a degree of rotation in the Z box.

    2. To change the field of view on the chart, click the degree of perspective that you want in the Perspective box, or click the Narrow field of view or Widen field of view buttons until you have reached the result that you want.

      Field of view buttons

      附註: Some options that are presented in this dialog box are not available for charts. You cannot reset the options that you changed to previous settings.

You can change the scale of a 3-D chart by specifying its height and depth as a percentage of the base of the chart.

  1. Click the chart area of the 3-D chart that you want to change, or select Chart area from the Chart elements list under Current Selection on the Format tab.

  2. Keyboard shortcut  You can, instead, click the chart area, and then press CTRL+1. Continue with step 3.

  3. On the Format Chart Area dialog, click 3-D Rotation.

    3D rotation properties

  4. In the 3-D Rotation properties, do one of the following:

    1. To change the depth of the chart, specify the percentage of depth in the Depth (% of base) box.

    2. To change both the depth and height of the chart, clear the Autoscale check box, and then specify the percentage of depth and height that you want in the Depth (% of base) and Height (% of base) boxes.

    3. To use a right-angle axes view, select the Right Angle Axes check box, and then specify the percentage of depth that you want in the Depth (% of base) box.

You can change the plotting order of data series so that large 3-D data markers do not block smaller ones.

以反轉順序顯示的立體圖表

  1. On a chart, click the depth axis, or select Depth axis from the Chart elements list under Current Selection on the Format tab.

  2. 在 [格式] 索引標籤的 [目前的選取範圍] 群組中,按一下 [格式化選取範圍]。

  3. In the Axis Options category, under Axis Options, select the Series in reverse order check box.

    3D series reverse order option

Although transparency can be used in 3-D and 2-D charts, it is especially useful in 3-D charts where larger data markers can obscure smaller ones.

  1. In a 3-D chart, click the data series or data point that you want to make transparent, or select a data series from the Chart elements list under Current Selection on the Format tab.

  2. Keyboard shortcut  You can, instead, click the chart element for which you want to change the 3-D format, and then press CTRL+1. Continue with step 3.

  3. 在 [格式] 索引標籤的 [目前的選取範圍] 群組中,按一下 [格式化選取範圍]。

  4. Click Fill & Line, click Fill, and then click Solid fill, Gradient fill, or Picture or texture fill.

    Fill and line properties

  5. Click and choose a color if you want to change the colors of the element.

  6. Click the handle on the Transparency bar, and then slide it the percentage of transparency that you want to use.

  1. On the worksheet, select the cells that contain the data that you want to use for the chart.

  2. 在 [插入] 索引標籤的 [圖表] 群組中,執行下列其中一項操作:

    Excel 功能區影像

    • To create a 3-D column chart, click Column, and then under 3-D Column, click 3-D Column.

    • To create a 3-D cylinder chart, click Column, and then under Cylinder, click 3-D Cylinder.

    • To create a 3-D cone chart, click Column, and then under Cone, click 3-D Cone.

    • To create a 3-D pyramid chart, click Column, and then under Pyramid, click 3-D Pyramid.

    • To create a 3-D line chart, click Line, and then under 3-D Line, click 3-D Line.

    • To create a 3-D area chart, click Area, and then under 3-D Area, click 3-D Area.

    • To create a 3-D surface chart, click Other Charts, and then under Surface, click 3-D Surface or Wireframe 3-D Surface.

      提示: 將滑鼠游標停駐在任何圖表類型或圖表子類型上時,工具提示就會顯示圖表類型名稱。 如需可用圖表類型的詳細資訊,請參閱可用的圖表類型

  1. On a 3-D chart, click the chart element for which you want to change the 3-D format, or do the following to select it from a list of chart elements.

    1. 按一下圖表。
      這將會顯示 [圖表工具],並新增 [設計]、[版面配置] 和 [格式] 索引標籤。

    2. 在 [格式] 索引標籤上的 [目前的選取範圍] 群組中,按一下 [圖表項目] 方塊旁邊的箭號,然後按一下要使用的圖表項目。

      Excel 功能區圖像

  2. Keyboard shortcut  You can, instead, click the chart element for which you want to change the 3-D format, and then press CTRL+1. Continue with step 3.

  3. 在 [版面配置] 索引標籤的 [目前的選取範圍] 群組中,按一下 [格式化選取範圍]。

  4. Click 3-D Format, and then select one or more of the following options.

    1. Under Bevel, click Top and Bottom, and then click the bevel format that you want to use. In the Width and Height boxes, select the point size that you want to use.

    2. Under Surface, click Material, and then click the effect that you want to use.

      附註: Availability of these options depends on the chart element that you selected. Some options that are presented in this dialog box are not available for charts.

提示: You can also use this procedure to change the 3-D format of chart elements in a 2-D chart.

You can change the chart depth in 3-D charts that have axes, the gap depth in 3-D perspective charts, and the gap width in 3-D bar or column charts.

  1. Click the 3-D chart that you want to change.

  2. On the Format menu, click Selected Data Series.

  3. On the Options tab, select the depth and width options that you want to use.

  1. Click the chart area of the 3-D chart that you want to rotate, or do the following to select the chart area from a list of chart elements:

    1. 按一下圖表。
      這將會顯示 [圖表工具],並新增 [設計]、[版面配置] 和 [格式] 索引標籤。

    2. 在 [格式] 索引標籤上的 [目前的選取範圍] 群組中,按一下 [圖表項目] 方塊旁邊的箭號,然後按一下要使用的圖表項目。

      Excel 功能區圖像

  2. Keyboard shortcut  You can, instead, click the chart area, and then press CTRL+1. Continue with step 3.

  3. On the Layout tab, in the Background group, click 3-D Rotation.

    Excel 功能區影像

  4. In the 3-D Rotation category, under Rotation, do one or more of the following:

    1. To change the rotation, click the degree of rotation that you want in the X and Y boxes.

      附註: Charts can be rotated around the horizontal and vertical axes but never around the depth axis. Therefore, you cannot specify a degree of rotation in the Z box.

    2. To change the field of view on the chart, click the degree of perspective that you want in the Perspective box, or click the Narrow field of view or Widen field of view buttons until you have reached the result that you want.

      附註: Some options that are presented in this dialog box are not available for charts. You cannot reset the options that you changed to previous settings.

You can change the scale of a 3-D chart by specifying its height and depth as a percentage of the base of the chart.

  1. Click the chart area of the 3-D chart that you want to change, or do the following to select it from a list of chart elements:

    1. 按一下圖表。
      這將會顯示 [圖表工具],並新增 [設計]、[版面配置] 和 [格式] 索引標籤。

    2. 在 [格式] 索引標籤上的 [目前的選取範圍] 群組中,按一下 [圖表項目] 方塊旁邊的箭號,然後按一下要使用的圖表項目。

      Excel 功能區圖像

  2. Keyboard shortcut  You can, instead, click the chart area, and then press CTRL+1. Continue with step 3.

  3. On the Layout tab, in the Background group, click 3-D Rotation.

    Excel 功能區影像

  4. In the 3-D Rotation category, under Chart Scale, do one of the following:

    1. To change the depth of the chart, specify the percentage of depth in the Depth (% of base) box.

    2. To change both the depth and height of the chart, clear the Autoscale check box, and then specify the percentage of depth and height that you want in the Depth (% of base) and Height (% of base) boxes.

    3. To use a right-angle axes view, select the Right Angle Axes check box, and then specify the percentage of depth that you want in the Depth (% of base) box.

You can change the plotting order of data series so that large 3-D data markers do not block smaller ones.

以反轉順序顯示的立體圖表

  1. On a chart, click the depth axis, or do the following to select it from a list of chart elements:

    1. 按一下圖表。
      這將會顯示 [圖表工具],並新增 [設計]、[版面配置] 和 [格式] 索引標籤。

    2. 在 [格式] 索引標籤上的 [目前的選取範圍] 群組中,按一下 [圖表項目] 方塊旁邊的箭號,然後按一下要使用的圖表項目。

      Excel 功能區圖像

  2. 在 [格式] 索引標籤的 [目前的選取範圍] 群組中,按一下 [格式化選取範圍]。

  3. In the Axis Options category, under Axis Options, select the Series in reverse order check box.

Although transparency can be used in 3-D and 2-D charts, it is especially useful in 3-D charts where larger data markers can obscure smaller ones.

  1. In a 3-D chart, click the data series or data point that you want to make transparent, or do the following to select it from a list of chart elements:

    1. 按一下圖表。
      這將會顯示 [圖表工具],並新增 [設計]、[版面配置] 和 [格式] 索引標籤。

    2. 在 [格式] 索引標籤上的 [目前的選取範圍] 群組中,按一下 [圖表項目] 方塊旁邊的箭號,然後按一下要使用的圖表項目。

      Excel 功能區圖像

  2. Keyboard shortcut  You can, instead, click the chart element for which you want to change the 3-D format, and then press CTRL+1. Continue with step 3.

  3. 在 [版面配置] 索引標籤的 [目前的選取範圍] 群組中,按一下 [格式化選取範圍]。

  4. Click Fill, and then click Solid fill, Gradient fill, or Picture or texture fill.

  5. Click the handle on the Transparency bar, and then slide the handle to the percentage of transparency that you want to use.

Find out how you can change the rotation or a perspective of a 3-D chart in Word 2016 for Mac, PowerPoint 2016 for Mac, and Excel 2016 for Mac.

附註: The screenshots have been taken in Excel, although the functionality is the same in Word and PowerPoint.

  1. Click the chart, and then click the Format tab on the ribbon.

  2. Click Shape Effects, then click 3-D Rotation, and the click 3-D Rotation Options.

    立體旋轉選項
  3. On the Format Chart Area pane, in the 3-D Rotation section, do the following:

    Format Chart Area pane
    1. To change the rotation, in the X Rotation and Y Rotation boxes, enter the degree of rotation.

    2. To change the perspective, in the Perspective box, enter the degree of perspective you want. You can also use the Narrow Field of View icon and Widen Field of View icon arrows to narrow or widen the field of view.

Find out how you can change the rotation or a perspective of a 3-D chart in Word for Mac 2011, PowerPoint for Mac 2011, and Excel for Mac 2011.

您可以變更立體圖表的旋轉或透視,讓您能更輕易閱讀或建立所要的外觀。 立體圖表的範例有立體直條圖、立體圓形圖或立體曲面圖。

  1. 先按一下圖表,然後再按一下 [圖表配置] 索引標籤。

  2. [立體旋轉] 下方,執行下列任一動作:

    [圖表版面配置] 索引標籤、[立體旋轉] 群組

若要

執行此動作

變更旋轉

[X][Y] 方塊中輸入所要的旋轉角度,然後按 ENTER。

變更透視

[透視] 方塊中輸入所要的透視角度,然後按 ENTER。 立體透視不是真正的立體圖表,因為沒有使用第三組數值座標軸 (深度軸)。

若無法使用透視

[立體旋轉] 下方,按一下 [立體旋轉],然後在 [圖表比例] 下清除 [保持直角座標] 核取方塊。

附註: 若要調整圖表區域的比例,請在 [立體旋轉] 下方按一下 [立體旋轉],然後在 [圖表比例] 下進行所要的變更。

您可以變更立體圖表的旋轉或透視,讓您能更輕易閱讀或建立所要的外觀。 立體圖表的範例有立體直條圖、立體圓形圖或立體曲面圖。

  1. 先按一下圖表,然後再按一下 [圖表配置] 索引標籤。

  2. [立體旋轉] 下方,執行下列任一動作:

    [圖表版面配置] 索引標籤、[立體旋轉] 群組

若要

執行此動作

變更旋轉

[X][Y] 方塊中輸入所要的旋轉角度,然後按 ENTER。

變更透視

[透視] 方塊中輸入所要的透視角度,然後按 ENTER。 立體透視不是真正的立體圖表,因為沒有使用第三組數值座標軸 (深度軸)。

若無法使用透視

[立體旋轉] 下方,按一下 [立體旋轉],然後在 [圖表比例] 下清除 [保持直角座標] 核取方塊。

附註: 若要調整圖表區域的比例,請在 [立體旋轉] 下方按一下 [立體旋轉],然後在 [圖表比例] 下進行所要的變更。

您可以變更立體圖表的旋轉或透視,讓您能更輕易閱讀或建立所要的外觀。 立體圖表的範例有立體直條圖、立體圓形圖或立體曲面圖。

  1. 按一下 [檢視] 功能表中的 [整頁模式]

  2. 先按一下圖表,然後再按一下 [圖表配置] 索引標籤。

  3. [立體旋轉] 下方,執行下列任一動作:

    [圖表版面配置] 索引標籤、[立體旋轉] 群組

若要

執行此動作

變更旋轉

[X][Y] 方塊中輸入所要的旋轉角度,然後按 ENTER。

變更透視

[透視] 方塊中輸入所要的透視角度,然後按 ENTER。 立體透視不是真正的立體圖表,因為沒有使用第三組數值座標軸 (深度軸)。

若無法使用透視

[立體旋轉] 下方,按一下 [立體旋轉],然後在 [圖表比例] 下清除 [保持直角座標] 核取方塊。

附註: 若要調整圖表區域的比例,請在 [立體旋轉] 下方按一下 [立體旋轉],然後在 [圖表比例] 下進行所要的變更。

請參閱

Update the data in an existing chart

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