# Statistical functions (reference)

To get detailed information about a function, click its name in the first column.

Note: Version markers indicate the version of Excel a function was introduced. These functions aren't available in earlier versions. For example, a version marker of 2013 indicates that this function is available in Excel 2013 and all later versions.

Function

Description

Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean

Returns the average of its arguments

Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria

Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria

BETA.DIST function Returns the beta cumulative distribution function

BETA.INV function Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution

BINOM.DIST function Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability

BINOM.DIST.RANGE function Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution

BINOM.INV function Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value

CHISQ.DIST function Returns the cumulative beta probability density function

CHISQ.DIST.RT function Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHISQ.INV function Returns the cumulative beta probability density function

CHISQ.INV.RT function Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHISQ.TEST function Returns the test for independence

CONFIDENCE.NORM function Returns the confidence interval for a population mean

CONFIDENCE.T function Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution

Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets

Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments

Counts how many values are in the list of arguments

Counts the number of blank cells within a range

Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria

Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria

COVARIANCE.P function Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations

COVARIANCE.S function Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets

Returns the sum of squares of deviations

EXPON.DIST function Returns the exponential distribution

F.DIST function Returns the F probability distribution

F.DIST.RT function Returns the F probability distribution

F.INV function Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

F.INV.RT function Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

F.TEST function Returns the result of an F-test

Returns the Fisher transformation

Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation

Returns a value along a linear trend

Note: In Excel 2016, this function is replaced with FORECAST.LINEAR as part of the new Forecasting functions, but it's still available for compatibility with earlier versions.

FORECAST.ETS function Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm

FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT function Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date

FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY function Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series

FORECAST.ETS.STAT function Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting

FORECAST.LINEAR function Returns a future value based on existing values

Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array

GAMMA function Returns the gamma function value

GAMMA.DIST function Returns the gamma distribution

GAMMA.INV function Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)

GAMMALN.PRECISE function Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)

GAUSS function Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution

Returns the geometric mean

Returns values along an exponential trend

Returns the harmonic mean

Returns the hypergeometric distribution

Returns the intercept of the linear regression line

Returns the kurtosis of a data set

Returns the k-th largest value in a data set

Returns the parameters of a linear trend

Returns the parameters of an exponential trend

LOGNORM.DIST function Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution

LOGNORM.INV function Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution

Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments

Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

MAXIFS function Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria

Returns the median of the given numbers

Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments

MINIFS function Returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria.

Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

MODE.MULT function Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data

MODE.SNGL function Returns the most common value in a data set

NEGBINOM.DIST function Returns the negative binomial distribution

NORM.DIST function Returns the normal cumulative distribution

NORM.INV function Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution

NORM.S.DIST function Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution

NORM.S.INV function Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution

Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

PERCENTILE.EXC function Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive.

PERCENTILE.INC function Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range

PERCENTRANK.EXC function Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set

PERCENTRANK.INC function Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set

Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects

PERMUTATIONA function Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects

PHI function Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution

POISSON.DIST function Returns the Poisson distribution

Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits

QUARTILE.EXC function Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive

QUARTILE.INC function Returns the quartile of a data set

RANK.AVG function Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

RANK.EQ function Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

Returns the skewness of a distribution

SKEW.P function Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean

Returns the slope of the linear regression line

Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set

Returns a normalized value

STDEV.P function Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population

STDEV.S function Estimates standard deviation based on a sample

Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values

Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression

T.DIST function Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution

T.DIST.2T function Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution

T.DIST.RT function Returns the Student's t-distribution

T.INV function Returns the t-value of the Student's t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom

T.INV.2T function Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution

T.TEST function Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test

Returns values along a linear trend

Returns the mean of the interior of a data set

VAR.P function Calculates variance based on the entire population

VAR.S function Estimates variance based on a sample

Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values

Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

WEIBULL.DIST function Returns the Weibull distribution

Z.TEST function Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

Important: The calculated results of formulas and some Excel worksheet functions may differ slightly between a Windows PC using x86 or x86-64 architecture and a Windows RT PC using ARM architecture. Learn more about the differences.

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