# MINIFS function

The MINIFS function returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria.

Note: This feature is available on Windows or Mac if you have Office 2019, or if you have an Office 365 subscription. If you are an Office 365 subscriber, make sure you have the latest version of Office.

## Syntax

MINIFS(min_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ...)

 Argument Description min_range (required) The actual range of cells in which the minimum value will be determined. criteria_range1 (required) Is the set of cells to evaluate with the criteria. criteria1 (required) Is the criteria in the form of a number, expression, or text that defines which cells will be evaluated as minimum. The same set of criteria works for the MAXIFS, SUMIFS and AVERAGEIFS functions. criteria_range2, criteria2, ...(optional) Additional ranges and their associated criteria. You can enter up to 126 range/criteria pairs.

## Remarks

• The size and shape of the min_range and criteria_rangeN arguments must be the same, otherwise these functions return the #VALUE! error.

## Examples

Copy the example data in each of the following tables, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.

Example 1

 Grade Weight 89 1 93 2 96 2 85 3 91 1 88 1 Formula Result =MINIFS(A2:A7,B2:B7,1) 88 In criteria_range1 the cell B2, B6, and B7 match the criteria of 1. Of the corresponding cells in min_range, A7 has the minimum value. The result is therefore 88.

Example 2

 Weight Grade 10 b 11 a 100 a 111 b 1 a 1 a Formula Result =MINIFS(A2:A5,B3:B6,"a") 10 Note: The criteria_range and min_range aren't aligned, but they are the same shape and size. In criteria_range1, the 1st, 2nd, and 4th cells match the criteria of "a." Of the corresponding cells in min_range, A2 has the minimum value. The result is therefore 10.

Example 3

 Weight Grade Class Level 10 b Business 100 11 a Technical 100 12 a Business 200 13 b Technical 300 14 b Technical 300 15 b Business 400 Formula Result =MINIFS(A2:A7,B2:B7,"b",D2:D7,">100") 13 In criteria_range1, B2, B5, B6 and B7 match the criteria of "b." Of the corresponding cells in criteria_range2, D5, D6, and D7 match the criteria of >100. Finally, of the corresponding cells in min_range, D5 has the minimum value. The result is therefore 13.

Example 4

 Weight Grade Class Level 10 b Business 8 1 a Technical 8 100 a Business 8 11 b Technical 0 1 a Technical 8 1 b Business 0 Formula Result =MINIFS(A2:A7,B2:B7,"b",D2:D7,A8) 1 The criteria2 argument is A8. However, because A8 is empty, it is treated as 0 (zero). The cells in criteria_range2 that match 0 are D5 and D7. Finally, of the corresponding cells in min_range, A7 has the minimum value. The result is therefore 1.

Example 5

 Weight Grade 10 b 1 a 100 a 1 b 1 a 1 a Formula Result =MINIFS(A2:A5,B2:C6,"a") #VALUE! Because the size and shape of the min_range and criteria_range aren't the same, MINIFS returns the #VALUE! error.

Example 6

 Weight Grade Class Level 10 b Business 100 1 a Technical 100 100 a Business 200 1 b Technical 300 1 a Technical 100 1 a Business 400 Formula Result =MINIFS(A2:A6,B2:B6,"a",D2:D6,">200") 0 No cells match the criteria.

## Need more help?

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