How can I merge two or more tables?

You can merge (combine) rows from one table into another simply by pasting the data in the first empty cells below the target table. The table will increase in size to include the new rows. If the rows in both tables match up, you can merge the columns of one table with another—by pasting them in the first empty cells to the right of the table. In this case also, the table will increase to accommodate the new columns.

Merging rows is actually quite simple, but merging columns can be tricky if the rows of one table don't correspond with the rows in the other table. By using VLOOKUP, you can avoid some of the alignment problems.

Merge two tables using the VLOOKUP function

In the example shown below, you'll see two tables that previously had other names to new names: "Blue" and "Orange." In the Blue table, each row is a line item for an order. So, Order ID 20050 has two items, Order ID 20051 has one item, Order ID 20052 has three items, and so on. We want to merge the Sales ID and Region columns with the Blue table, based on matching values in the Order ID columns of the Orange table.

Merging two columns with another table  

Order ID values repeat in the Blue table, but Order ID values in the Orange table are unique. If we were to simply copy-and-paste the data from the Orange table, the Sales ID and Region values for the second line item of order 20050 would be off by one row, which would change the values in the new columns in the Blue table.

Here's the data for the Blue table, which you can copy into a blank worksheet. After you paste it into the worksheet, press Ctrl+T to convert it into a table, and then rename the table Blue.

Order ID

Sale Date

Product ID

20050

2/2/14

C6077B

20050

2/2/14

C9250LB

20051

2/2/14

M115A

20052

2/3/14

A760G

20052

2/3/14

E3331

20052

2/3/14

SP1447

20053

2/3/14

L88M

20054

2/4/14

S1018MM

20055

2/5/14

C6077B

20056

2/6/14

E3331

20056

2/6/14

D534X

Here's the data for the Orange table. Copy it into the same worksheet. After you paste it into the worksheet, press Ctrl+T to convert it into a table, and then rename the table Orange.

Order ID

Sales ID

Region

20050

447

West

20051

398

South

20052

1006

North

20053

447

West

20054

885

East

20055

398

South

20056

644

East

20057

1270

East

20058

885

East

We need to ensure that the Sales ID and Region values for each order align correctly with each unique order line item. To do this, let's paste the table headings Sales ID and Region into the cells to the right of the Blue table, and use VLOOKUP formulas to get the correct values from the Sales ID and Region columns of the Orange table.

Here's how:

  1. Copy the headings Sales ID and Region in the Orange table (only those two cells).

  2. Paste the headings into the cell, to the right of the Product ID heading of the Blue table.

    Now, the Blue table is five columns wide, including the new Sales ID and Region columns.

  3. In the Blue table, in the first cell beneath Sales ID, start writing this formula:

    =VLOOKUP(

  4. In the Blue table, pick the first cell in the Order ID column, 20050.

    The partially completed formula looks like this: Partial VLOOKUP formula

    The [@[Order ID]] part means "get the value in this same row from the Order ID column."

    Type a comma, and select the entire Orange table with your mouse so that "Orange[#All]" is added to the formula.

  5. Type another comma, 2, another comma, and 0—like this: ,2,0

  6. Press Enter, and the completed formula looks like this:

    Completed VLOOKUP formula

    The Orange[#All] part means "look in all the cells in the Orange table." The 2 means "get the value from the second column," and the 0 means "return the value only if there's an exact match."

    Notice that Excel filled the cells down in that column, using the VLOOKUP formula.

  7. Return to step 3, but this time start writing the same formula in the first cell beneath Region.

  8. In step 6, replace 2 with 3, so the completed formula looks like this:

    Completed VLOOKUP formula

    There's just one difference between this formula and the first formula—the first gets values from column 2 of the Orange table, and the second gets them from column 3.

    Now you'll see values in every cell of the new columns in the Blue table. They contain VLOOKUP formulas, but they'll show the values. You'll want to convert the VLOOKUP formulas in those cells to their actual values.

  9. Select all the value cells in the Sales ID column, and press Ctrl+C to copy them.

  10. Click Home > arrow below Paste.

    Arrow under Paste that shows Paste gallery

  11. In the Paste gallery, click Paste Values.

    Paste Values button in the Paste gallery

  12. Select all the value cells in the Region column, copy them, and repeat steps 10 and 11.

    Now the VLOOKUP formulas in the two columns have been replaced with the values.

More about tables and VLOOKUP

Need more help?

You can always ask an expert in the Excel Tech Community, get support in the Answers community, or suggest a new feature or improvement on Excel User Voice.

Expand your Office skills
Explore training
Get new features first
Join Office Insiders

Was this information helpful?

Thank you for your feedback!

Thank you for your feedback! It sounds like it might be helpful to connect you to one of our Office support agents.

×