﻿ YIELDDISC function

# YIELDDISC function

Returns the annual yield for a discounted security.

Syntax

YIELDDISC(settlement,maturity,pr,redemption,basis)

Important   Dates should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of other formulas or functions. For example, use DATE(2008,5,23) for the 23rd day of May, 2008. Problems can occur if dates are entered as text.

Settlement     is the security's settlement date. The security settlement date is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer.

Maturity     is the security's maturity date. The maturity date is the date when the security expires.

Pr     is the security's price per \$100 face value.

Redemption     is the security's redemption value per \$100 face value.

Basis     is the type of day count basis to use.

 Basis Day count basis 0 or omitted US (NASD) 30/360 1 Actual/actual 2 Actual/360 3 Actual/365 4 European 30/360

Remarks

• Microsoft Office Excel stores dates as sequential serial numbers so they can be used in calculations. By default, January 1, 1900 is serial number 1, and January 1, 2008 is serial number 39448 because it is 39,448 days after January 1, 1900. Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh uses a different date system as its default.

• The settlement date is the date a buyer purchases a coupon, such as a bond. The maturity date is the date when a coupon expires. For example, suppose a 30-year bond is issued on January 1, 2008, and is purchased by a buyer six months later. The issue date would be January 1, 2008, the settlement date would be July 1, 2008, and the maturity date would be January 1, 2038, which is 30 years after the January 1, 2008, issue date.

• Settlement, maturity, and basis are truncated to integers.

• If settlement or maturity is not a valid date, YIELDDISC returns the #VALUE! error value.

• If pr ≤ 0 or if redemption ≤ 0, YIELDDISC returns the #NUM! error value.

• If basis < 0 or if basis > 4, YIELDDISC returns the #NUM! error value.

• If settlement ≥ maturity, YIELDDISC returns the #NUM! error value.

Example

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

How to copy an example

1. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.

2. Select the example in the Help topic.

Note   Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

3. Press CTRL+C.

4. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

5. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

 1 2 3 4 5 6
 A B Data Description February 16, 2008 Settlement date March 1, 2008 Maturity date 99.795 Price \$100 Redemption value 2 Actual/360 basis Formula Description (Result) =YIELDDISC(A2,A3,A4,A5,A6) The yield, for the bond with the terms above (0.052823 or 5.28%)

Note   To view the number as a percentage, select the cell, and then on the Sheet tab, in the Number group, click Percent Style .

Applies To: Excel 2007

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