TYPE function
This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the TYPEfunction in Microsoft Excel.
Description
Returns the type of value. Use TYPE when the behavior of another function depends on the type of value in a particular cell.
Syntax
TYPE(value)
The TYPE function syntax has the following arguments:

Value Required. Can be any Microsoft Excel value, such as a number, text, logical value, and so on.
If value is 
TYPE returns 
Number 
1 
Text 
2 
Logical value 
4 
Error value 
16 
Array 
64 
Remarks

TYPE is most useful when you are using functions that can accept different types of data, such as ARGUMENT and INPUT. Use TYPE to find out what type of data is returned by a function or formula.

You cannot use TYPE to determine whether a cell contains a formula. TYPE only determines the type of the resulting, or displayed, value. If value is a cell reference to a cell that contains a formula, TYPE returns the type of the formula's resulting value.
Example
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?

Select the example in this article.
Important Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help

Press CTRL+C.

In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.

In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.
Important For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

