TYPE function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the TYPEfunction in Microsoft Excel.

Description

Returns the type of value. Use TYPE when the behavior of another function depends on the type of value in a particular cell.

Syntax

TYPE(value)

The TYPE function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Value    Required. Can be any Microsoft Excel value, such as a number, text, logical value, and so on.

If value is

TYPE returns

Number

1

Text

2

Logical value

4

Error value

16

Array

64

Remarks

  • TYPE is most useful when you are using functions that can accept different types of data, such as ARGUMENT and INPUT. Use TYPE to find out what type of data is returned by a function or formula.

  • You cannot use TYPE to determine whether a cell contains a formula. TYPE only determines the type of the resulting, or displayed, value. If value is a cell reference to a cell that contains a formula, TYPE returns the type of the formula's resulting value.

Example

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

How do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article.

    Important   Do not select the row or column headers.

    selecting an example from help

    Selecting an example from Help

  2. Press CTRL+C.

  3. In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.

  4. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

    Important   For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

  5. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

1

2

3

4


5


6


7

A

B

Data

Smith

Formula

Description (Result)

=TYPE(A2)

Checks the type of the value above (2)

=TYPE("Mr. "&A2)

Checks the type of "Mr. Smith" (2)

=TYPE(2+A2)

Checks the type of the formula, which returns the error #VALUE! (16)

=TYPE({1,2;3,4})

Checks the type of an array constant (64)

Applies To: Excel 2010, Excel Starter, Excel Online, SharePoint Online



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