T function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the T function in Microsoft Excel.


Returns the text referred to by value.



The T function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Value    Required. The value you want to test.


  • If value is or refers to text, T returns value. If value does not refer to text, T returns "" (empty text).

  • You do not generally need to use the T function in a formula because Microsoft Excel automatically converts values as necessary. This function is provided for compatibility with other spreadsheet programs.


Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.






Description (Result)



Because the first value is text, the text is returned (Rainfall)



Because the second value is a number, empty text is returned ()


Because the third value is a logical value, empty text is returned ()

Applies To: Excel 2016, Excel 2010, Excel Starter, Excel 2013, Excel Online, Excel 2016 for Mac, Excel for Mac 2011, Excel 2007

Was this information helpful?

Yes No

How can we improve it?

255 characters remaining

To protect your privacy, please do not include contact information in your feedback. Review our privacy policy.

Thank you for your feedback!

Change language