StrComp Function

Returns a Variant (Integer) indicating the result of a string expression.

Syntax

StrComp ( string1, string2 [, compare ] )

The StrComp function syntax has these arguments:

Argument

Description

string1

Required. Any valid string expression.

string2

Required. Any valid string expression.

compare

Optional. Specifies the type of string comparison. If the compareargument is Null, an error occurs. If compare is omitted, the Option Compare setting determines the type of comparison.


Settings

The compare argument settings are:

Constant

Value

Description

vbUseCompareOption

-1

Performs a comparison using the setting of the Option Compare statement.

vbBinaryCompare

0

Performs a binary comparison.

vbTextCompare

1

Performs a textual comparison.

vbDatabaseCompare

2

Microsoft Office Access 2007 only. Performs a comparison based on information in your database.


Return Values

The StrComp function has the following return values:

If

StrComp returns

string1 is less than string2

-1

string1 is equal to string2

0

string1 is greater than string2

1

string1 or string2 is Null

Null


Example

Note: Examples that follow demonstrate the use of this function in a Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) module. For more information about working with VBA, select Developer Reference in the drop-down list next to Search and enter one or more terms in the search box.

This example uses the StrComp function to return the results of a string comparison. If the third argument is 1, a textual comparison is performed; if the third argument is 0 or omitted, a binary comparison is performed.

Dim MyStr1, MyStr2, MyComp
MyStr1 = "ABCD": MyStr2 = "abcd" ' Define variables.
MyComp = StrComp(MyStr1, MyStr2, 1) ' Returns 0.
MyComp = StrComp(MyStr1, MyStr2, 0) ' Returns -1.
MyComp = StrComp(MyStr2, MyStr1) ' Returns 1.
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