SUMIFS function
This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the SUMIFSfunction in Microsoft Office Excel.
Description
Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria. For example, if you want to sum the numbers in the range A1:A20 only if the corresponding numbers in B1:B20 are greater than zero (0) and the corresponding numbers in C1:C20 are less than 10, you can use the following formula:
=SUMIFS(A1:A20, B1:B20, ">0", C1:C20, "<10")
Syntax
SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2,
criteria2], …)
The SUMIFS function syntax has the following arguments:

sum_range Required. One or more cells to sum, including numbers or names, ranges, or cell references that contain numbers. Blank and text values are ignored.

criteria_range1 Required. The first range in which to evaluate the associated criteria.

criteria1 Required. The criteria in the form of a number, expression, cell reference, or text that define which cells in the criteria_range1 argument will be added. For example, criteria can be expressed as 32, ">32", B4, "apples", or "32."

criteria_range2, criteria2, … Optional. Additional ranges and their associated criteria. Up to 127 range/criteria pairs are allowed.
Remarks

Each cell in the sum_range argument is summed only if all of the corresponding criteria specified are true for that cell. For example, suppose that a formula contains two criteria_range arguments. If the first cell of criteria_range1 meets criteria1, and the first cell of criteria_range2 meets critera2, the first cell of sum_range is added to the sum, and so on, for the remaining cells in the specified ranges.

Cells in the sum_range argument that contain TRUE evaluate to 1; cells in sum_range that contain FALSE evaluate to 0 (zero).

Unlike the range and criteria arguments in the SUMIF function, in the SUMIFS function, each criteria_range argument must contain the same number of rows and columns as the sum_range argument.

You can use the wildcard characters — the question mark (?) and asterisk (*) — in criteria. A question mark matches any single character; an asterisk matches any sequence of characters. If you want to find an actual question mark or asterisk, type a tilde (~) before the character.
Example 1
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?

Select the example in this article.
Selecting an example from Help 
Press CTRL+C.

In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.

In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.


Example 2
Adding amounts from bank accounts based on interest paid
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?

Select the example in this article.
Selecting an example from Help 
Press CTRL+C.

In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.

In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.


Example 3
Adding rainfall for specific days
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?

Select the example in this article.
Selecting an example from Help 
Press CTRL+C.

In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.

In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.


Example 4
Adding rainfall for morning and evening periods of specific days
This example expands on the data in Example 3, separating the rainfall, average temperatures, and average wind speed into two 12hour periods for each day.
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?

Select the example in this article.
Selecting an example from Help 
Press CTRL+C.

In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.

In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.


Example 5
Criteria entered as reference and by using wildcard characters
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?

Select the example in this article.
Selecting an example from Help 
Press CTRL+C.

In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.

In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

