ROWS function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the ROWS function in Microsoft Excel.


Returns the number of rows in a reference or array.



The ROWS function syntax has the following argument:

  • Array    Required. An array, an array formula, or a reference to a range of cells for which you want the number of rows.


Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.





Number of rows in the reference



Number of rows in the array constant


Applies To: Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2016 for Mac, Excel for Mac 2011, Excel Online, Excel for iPad, Excel for iPhone, Excel for Android tablets, Excel Starter, Excel for Android phones

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