ROW function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the ROWfunction in Microsoft Excel.

Description

Returns the row number of a reference.

Syntax

ROW([reference])

The ROW function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Reference    Optional. The cell or range of cells for which you want the row number.

    • If reference is omitted, it is assumed to be the reference of the cell in which the ROW function appears.

    • If reference is a range of cells, and if ROW is entered as a vertical array, ROW returns the row numbers of reference as a vertical array.

    • Reference cannot refer to multiple areas.

Examples

Example 1

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

How do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article.

    Important   Do not select the row or column headers.

    selecting an example from help

    Selecting an example from Help

  2. Press CTRL+C.

  3. In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.

  4. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

    Important   For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

  5. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

1

2

3

A

B

Formula

Description (Result)

=ROW()

Row in which the formula appears (2)

=ROW(C10)

Row of the reference (10)

Example 2

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

How do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article.

    Important   Do not select the row or column headers.

    selecting an example from help

    Selecting an example from Help

  2. Press CTRL+C.

  3. In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.

  4. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

    Important   For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

  5. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

1

2

3

4

A

B

Formula

Description (Result)

=ROW(C4:D6)

First row in the reference (4)

Second row in the reference (5)

Third row in the reference (6)

Note   The formula in the example must be entered as an array formula. After copying the example to a blank worksheet, select the range A2:A4 starting with the formula cell. Press F2, and then press CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER. If the formula is not entered as an array formula, the single result is 4.

Applies To: Excel 2010, Excel Starter, Excel Online, SharePoint Online



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