ROW function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the ROW function in Microsoft Excel.


Returns the row number of a reference.



The ROW function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Reference    Optional. The cell or range of cells for which you want the row number.

    • If reference is omitted, it is assumed to be the reference of the cell in which the ROW function appears.

    • If reference is a range of cells, and if ROW is entered as a vertical array, ROW returns the row numbers of reference as a vertical array.

    • Reference cannot refer to multiple areas.


Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.





Row in which the formula appears



Row of the reference


Applies To: Excel 2016, Excel 2010, Excel Starter, Excel 2013, Excel Online, Excel 2016 for Mac, Excel for Mac 2011, Excel 2007

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