ROMAN function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the ROMANfunction in Microsoft Excel.

Description

Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text.

Syntax

ROMAN(number, [form])

The ROMAN function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Number    Required. The Arabic numeral you want converted.

  • Form    Optional. A number specifying the type of roman numeral you want. The roman numeral style ranges from Classic to Simplified, becoming more concise as the value of form increases. See the example following ROMAN(499,0) below.

Form

Type

0 or omitted

Classic.

1

More concise. See example below.

2

More concise. See example below.

3

More concise. See example below.

4

Simplified.

TRUE

Classic.

FALSE

Simplified.

Remarks

  • If number is negative, the #VALUE! error value is returned.

  • If number is greater than 3999, the #VALUE! error value is returned.

Example

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

How do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article.

    Important   Do not select the row or column headers.

    selecting an example from help

    Selecting an example from Help

  2. Press CTRL+C.

  3. In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.

  4. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

    Important   For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

  5. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

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A

B

Formula

Description (Result)

=ROMAN(499,0)

Classic roman numeral style for 499 (CDXCIX)

=ROMAN(499,1)

More concise version for 499 (LDVLIV)

=ROMAN(499,2)

More concise version for 499 (XDIX)

=ROMAN(499,3)

More concise version for 499 (VDIV)

=ROMAN(499,4)

More concise version for 499 (ID)

=ROMAN(2013,0)

Classic roman numeral style for 2013 (MMXIII)

Applies To: Excel 2010, Excel Starter, Excel Online, SharePoint Online



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