RIGHT, RIGHTB functions
This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the RIGHT and RIGHTB functions in Microsoft Excel.
RIGHT returns the last character or characters in a text string, based on the number of characters you specify.
RIGHTB returns the last character or characters in a text string, based on the number of bytes you specify.
Important RIGHT is intended for use with languages that use the single-byte character set (SBCS), whereas RIGHTB is intended for use with languages that use the double-byte character set (DBCS). The default language setting on your computer affects the return value in the following way:
RIGHT always counts each character, whether single-byte or double-byte, as 1, no matter what the default language setting is.
RIGHTB counts each double-byte character as 2 when you have enabled the editing of a language that supports DBCS and then set it as the default language. Otherwise, RIGHTB counts each character as 1.
The languages that support DBCS include Japanese, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), and Korean.
The RIGHT and RIGHTB functions have the following arguments:
Text Required. The text string containing the characters you want to extract.
Num_chars Optional. Specifies the number of characters you want RIGHT to extract.
Num_bytes Optional. Specifies the number of characters you want RIGHTB to extract, based on bytes.
Num_chars must be greater than or equal to zero.
If num_chars is greater than the length of text, RIGHT returns all of text.
If num_chars is omitted, it is assumed to be 1.
Example 1: RIGHT
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?
Select the example in this article.
Important Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help
In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.
In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.
Important For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.
Example 2: RIGHTB (with your computer set to a default language that supports DBCS)
In the following example:
RIGHTB returns the last 2 characters, because each character is counted as 2.
RIGHT returns the last 4 characters, because each character is counted as 1. RIGHT returns the last 4 characters no matter what the default language setting is on your computer.
=RIGHTB(" ",4) equals " "
=RIGHT(" ",4) equals " "