PROPER function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the PROPERfunction in Microsoft Excel.

Description

Capitalizes the first letter in a text string and any other letters in text that follow any character other than a letter. Converts all other letters to lowercase letters.

Syntax

PROPER(text)

The PROPER function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Text    Required. Text enclosed in quotation marks, a formula that returns text, or a reference to a cell containing the text you want to partially capitalize.

Example

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

How do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article.

    Important   Do not select the row or column headers.

    selecting an example from help

    Selecting an example from Help

  2. Press CTRL+C.

  3. In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.

  4. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

    Important   For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

  5. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

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A

B

Data

this is a TITLE

2-cent's worth

76BudGet

Formula

Description (Result)

=PROPER(A2)

Proper case of first string (This Is A Title)

=PROPER(A3)

Proper case of second string (2-Cent'S Worth)

=PROPER(A4)

Proper case of third string (76Budget)

Applies To: Excel 2010, Excel Starter, Excel Online, SharePoint Online



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