PROPER function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the PROPER  function in Microsoft Excel.


Capitalizes the first letter in a text string and any other letters in text that follow any character other than a letter. Converts all other letters to lowercase letters.



The PROPER function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Text    Required. Text enclosed in quotation marks, a formula that returns text, or a reference to a cell containing the text you want to partially capitalize.


Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.


this is a TITLE

2-way street






Proper case of thestring in A2.

This Is A Title


Proper case of the string in A3.

2-Way Street


Proper case of the string in A4.


Applies To: Excel 2016, Excel 2010, Excel Starter, Excel 2013, Excel Online, Excel 2016 for Mac, Excel for Mac 2011, Excel 2007

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