This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the PRODUCTfunction in Microsoft Office Excel.
The PRODUCT function multiplies all the numbers given as arguments and returns the product. For example, if cells A1 and A2 contain numbers, you can use the formula =PRODUCT(A1, A2) to multiply those two numbers together. You can also perform the same operation by using the multiply (*) mathematical operator; for example, =A1 * A2.
The PRODUCT function is useful when you need to multiply many cells together. For example, the formula =PRODUCT(A1:A3, C1:C3) is equivalent to =A1 * A2 * A3 * C1 * C2 * C3.
PRODUCT(number1, [number2], ...)
The PRODUCT function syntax has the following arguments:
number1 Required. The first number or range that you want to multiply.
number2, ... Optional. Additional numbers or ranges that you want to multiply, up to a maximum of 255 arguments.
Note If an argument is an array or reference, only numbers in the array or reference are multiplied. Empty cells, logical values, and text in the array or reference are ignored.
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?
Select the example in this article.
Important Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help
In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.
In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.
Important For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.