OR function

Use the OR function, one of the logical functions, to determine if any conditions in a test are TRUE.

Example

Examples of using the OR function.

The OR function returns TRUE if any of its arguments evaluate to TRUE, and returns FALSE if all of its arguments evaluate to FALSE.

One common use for the OR function is to expand the usefulness of other functions that perform logical tests. For example, the IF function performs a logical test and then returns one value if the test evaluates to TRUE and another value if the test evaluates to FALSE. By using the OR function as the logical_test argument of the IF function, you can test many different conditions instead of just one.

Syntax

OR(logical1, [logical2], ...)

The OR function syntax has the following arguments:

Argument

Description

Logical1

Required. The first condition that you want to test that can evaluate to either TRUE or FALSE.

Logical2, ...

Optional. Additional conditions that you want to test that can evaluate to either TRUE or FALSE, up to a maximum of 255 conditions.

Remarks

  • The arguments must evaluate to logical values such as TRUE or FALSE, or in arrays or references that contain logical values.

  • If an array or reference argument contains text or empty cells, those values are ignored.

  • If the specified range contains no logical values, OR returns the #VALUE! error value.

  • You can use an OR array formula to see if a value occurs in an array. To enter an array formula, press CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER.

Examples

Here are some general examples of using OR by itself, and in conjunction with IF.

Examples of using the OR function with the IF function.


Formula

Description

=OR(A2>1,A2<100)

Displays TRUE if A2 is greater than 1 OR less than 100, otherwise it displays FALSE.

=IF(OR(A2>1,A2<100),A3,"The value is out of range")

Displays the value in cell A3 if it is greater than 1 OR less than 100, otherwise it displays the message "The value is out of range".

=IF(OR(A2<0,A2>50),A2,"The value is out of range")

Displays the value in cell A2 if it’s less than 0 OR greater than 50, otherwise it displays a message.

Sales Commission Calculation

Here is a fairly common scenario where we need to calculate if sales people qualify for a commission using IF and OR.

Example of using IF and OR to calculate sales commission.
  • =IF(OR(B14>=$B$4,C14>=$B$5),B14*$B$6,0) - IF Total Sales are greater than or equal to (>=) the Sales Goal, OR Accounts are greater than or equal to (>=) the Account Goal, then multiply Total Sales by the Commission %, otherwise return 0.

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See Also

See a video on how to use the IF function

Learn how to use nested functions in a formula

IF function

AND function

NOT function

Overview of formulas in Excel

How to avoid broken formulas

Use error checking to detect errors in formulas

Keyboard shortcuts in Excel 2016 for Windows

Keyboard shortcuts in Excel 2016 for Mac

Logical functions (reference)

Excel functions (alphabetical)

Excel functions (by category)

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