Math and trigonometry functions (reference)

Important   The calculated results of formulas and some Excel worksheet functions may differ slightly between a Windows PC using x86 or x86-64 architecture and a Windows RT PC using ARM architecture. Learn more about the differences.

Click one of the links in the following list to see detailed help about the function.

Function

Description

ABS function

Returns the absolute value of a number

ACOS function

Returns the arccosine of a number

ACOSH function

Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number

ACOT function

Returns the arccotangent of a number

ACOTH function

Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number

AGGREGATE function

Returns the aggregate in a list or database

ARABIC function

Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number

ASIN function

Returns the arcsine of a number

ASINH function

Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number

ATAN function

Returns the arctangent of a number

ATAN2 function

Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates

ATANH function

Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number

BASE function

Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base)

CEILING function

Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

CEILING.MATH function

Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

CEILING.PRECISE function

Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.

COMBIN function

Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects

COMBINA function

Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items

COS function

Returns the cosine of a number

COSH function

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number

COT function

Returns the cotangent of an angle

COTH function

Returns the hyperbolic cotangent of a number

CSC function

Returns the cosecant of an angle

CSCH function

Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle

DECIMAL function

Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number

DEGREES function

Converts radians to degrees

EVEN function

Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer

EXP function

Returns e raised to the power of a given number

FACT function

Returns the factorial of a number

FACTDOUBLE function

Returns the double factorial of a number

FLOOR function

Rounds a number down, toward zero

FLOOR.MATH function

Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

FLOOR.PRECISE function

Rounds a number down to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded down.

GCD function

Returns the greatest common divisor

INT function

Rounds a number down to the nearest integer

ISO.CEILING function

Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

LCM function

Returns the least common multiple

LN function

Returns the natural logarithm of a number

LOG function

Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base

LOG10 function

Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number

MDETERM function

Returns the matrix determinant of an array

MINVERSE function

Returns the matrix inverse of an array

MMULT function

Returns the matrix product of two arrays

MOD function

Returns the remainder from division

MROUND function

Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple

MULTINOMIAL function

Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers

MUNIT function

Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension

ODD function

Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer

PI function

Returns the value of pi

POWER function

Returns the result of a number raised to a power

PRODUCT function

Multiplies its arguments

QUOTIENT function

Returns the integer portion of a division

RADIANS function

Converts degrees to radians

RAND function

Returns a random number between 0 and 1

RANDBETWEEN function

Returns a random number between the numbers you specify

ROMAN function

Converts an Arabic numeral to Roman, as text

ROUND function

Rounds a number to a specified number of digits

ROUNDDOWN function

Rounds a number down, toward zero

ROUNDUP function

Rounds a number up, away from zero

SEC function

Returns the secant of an angle

SECH function

Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle

SERIESSUM function

Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula

SIGN function

Returns the sign of a number

SIN function

Returns the sine of the given angle

SINH function

Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number

SQRT function

Returns a positive square root

SQRTPI function

Returns the square root of (number * pi)

SUBTOTAL function

Returns a subtotal in a list or database

SUM function

Adds its arguments

SUMIF function

Adds the cells specified by a given criteria

SUMIFS function

Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria

SUMPRODUCT function

Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components

SUMSQ function

Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments

SUMX2MY2 function

Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

SUMX2PY2 function

Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

SUMXMY2 function

Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays

TAN function

Returns the tangent of a number

TANH function

Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number

TRUNC function

Truncates a number to an integer

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See Also

Excel functions (by category)

Excel functions (alphabetical)

Applies To: Excel 2013, Excel 2007, Excel 2010, Excel Starter, Excel Online, Excel 2016 for Mac



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