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# MINIFS function

The MINIFS function returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria.

Note: This feature is available on Windows or Mac if you have Office 2019, or if you have an Office 365 subscription. If you are an Office 365 subscriber, make sure you have the latest version of Office.

## Syntax

MINIFS(min_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ...)

Argument

Description

min_range
(required)

The actual range of cells in which the minimum value will be determined.

criteria_range1
(required)

Is the set of cells to evaluate with the criteria.

criteria1
(required)

Is the criteria in the form of a number, expression, or text that defines which cells will be evaluated as minimum. The same set of criteria works for the MAXIFS, SUMIFS and AVERAGEIFS functions.

criteria_range2,
criteria2, ...(optional)

Additional ranges and their associated criteria. You can enter up to 126 range/criteria pairs.

## Remarks

• The size and shape of the min_range and criteria_rangeN arguments must be the same, otherwise these functions return the #VALUE! error.

## Examples

Copy the example data in each of the following tables, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.

Example 1

Weight

89

1

93

2

96

2

85

3

91

1

88

1

Formula

Result

=MINIFS(A2:A7,B2:B7,1)

88

In criteria_range1 the cell B2, B6, and B7 match the criteria of 1. Of the corresponding cells in min_range, A7 has the minimum value. The result is therefore 88.

Example 2

Weight

10

b

11

a

100

a

111

b

1

a

1

a

Formula

Result

=MINIFS(A2:A5,B3:B6,"a")

10

Note: The criteria_range and min_range aren't aligned, but they are the same shape and size.

In criteria_range1, the 1st, 2nd, and 4th cells match the criteria of "a." Of the corresponding cells in min_range, A2 has the minimum value. The result is therefore 10.

Example 3

Weight

Class

Level

10

b

100

11

a

Technical

100

12

a

200

13

b

Technical

300

14

b

Technical

300

15

b

400

Formula

Result

=MINIFS(A2:A7,B2:B7,"b",D2:D7,">100")

13

In criteria_range1, B2, B5, B6 and B7 match the criteria of "b." Of the corresponding cells in criteria_range2, D5, D6, and D7 match the criteria of >100. Finally, of the corresponding cells in min_range, D5 has the minimum value. The result is therefore 13.

Example 4

Weight

Class

Level

10

b

8

1

a

Technical

8

100

a

8

11

b

Technical

0

1

a

Technical

8

1

b

0

Formula

Result

=MINIFS(A2:A7,B2:B7,"b",D2:D7,A8)

1

The criteria2 argument is A8. However, because A8 is empty, it is treated as 0 (zero). The cells in criteria_range2 that match 0 are D5 and D7. Finally, of the corresponding cells in min_range, A7 has the minimum value. The result is therefore 1.

Example 5

Weight

10

b

1

a

100

a

1

b

1

a

1

a

Formula

Result

=MINIFS(A2:A5,B2:C6,"a")

#VALUE!

Because the size and shape of the min_range and criteria_range aren't the same, MINIFS returns the #VALUE! error.

Example 6

Weight

Class

Level

10

b

100

1

a

Technical

100

100

a

200

1

b

Technical

300

1

a

Technical

100

1

a

400

Formula

Result

=MINIFS(A2:A6,B2:B6,"a",D2:D6,">200")

0

No cells match the criteria.

## Need more help?

You can always ask an expert in the Excel Tech Community, get support in the Answers community, or suggest a new feature or improvement on Excel User Voice.