INFO function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the INFOfunction in Microsoft Excel.

Note    The INFO function is not available in Excel Web App.


Returns information about the current operating environment.



The INFO function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Type_text    Required. Text that specifies what type of information you want returned.




Path of the current directory or folder.


Number of active worksheets in the open workbooks.


Returns the absolute cell reference of the top and leftmost cell visible in the window, based on the current scrolling position, as text prepended with "$A:". This value is intended for for Lotus 1-2-3 release 3.x compatibility. The actual value returned depends on the current reference style setting. Using D9 as an example, the return value would be:

  • A1 reference style     "$A:$D$9".

  • R1C1 reference style    "$A:R9C4"


Current operating system version, as text.


Current recalculation mode; returns "Automatic" or "Manual".


Version of Microsoft Excel, as text.


Name of the operating environment:
Macintosh = "mac"
Windows = "pcdos"

  • Important   In previous versions of Microsoft Excel, the "memavail", "memused", and "totmem" type_text values, returned memory information. These type_text values are no longer supported and now return a #N/A error value.


The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

How do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Online, copy and paste one cell at a time.
    Important: Do not select the row or column headers.

    selecting an example from help

    Selecting an example from Help

  2. Press CTRL+C.

  3. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.

  4. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Online, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.
    Important: For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

  5. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

    After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.







Description (Result)


Number of active worksheets (varies)


Recalculation mode for the workbook (Automatic or Manual)

Applies To: Excel 2010, Excel Starter, Excel Online, SharePoint Online

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