IMSQRT function
Returns the square root of a complex number in x + yi or x + yj text format.
Syntax
IMSQRT(inumber)
Inumber is a complex number for which you want the square root.
Remarks

Use COMPLEX to convert real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number.

The square root of a complex number is:
where:
and:
and:
Example
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How to copy an example

Create a blank workbook or worksheet.

Select the example in the Help topic.
Note Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help

Press CTRL+C.

In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

