Field codes: NoteRef field

The NoteRef field inserts a footnote or endnote reference mark that you've marked with a bookmark to make multiple references to the same note or to cross-reference footnotes or endnotes. If you modify the sequence of footnotes or endnotes, the new result of the NoteRef field reflects the new numbering.

The NoteRef field replaces the FtnRef field used in earlier versions of Word. If you open a document that contains FtnRef fields, the fields remain in the document and function correctly.


When you view the NoteRef field in your document, the syntax looks like this:

{ NOTEREF Bookmark [Switches] }

Note:  A field code tells the field what to show. Field results are what’s shown in the document after having evaluated the field code. To toggle between viewing the field code and the field code results, press Alt+F9.



The name of the bookmark that refers to the footnote or endnote reference mark. The bookmark must refer to the reference mark in the document text, not in the footnote or endnote window. If the bookmark doesn't exist, you must create it.



Inserts the reference mark with the same character formatting as the Footnote Reference style or the Endnote Reference style.


Inserts a hyperlink to the bookmarked footnote.


Inserts the relative position of the footnote or endnote.

If the NoteRef field appears in the document before the bookmark, it evaluates to "below."

If the NoteRef field appears after the bookmark, it evaluates to "above."

If the NoteRef field appears within the bookmark, an error is returned.


The following text and field appear in a footnote of a document. The bookmark "Brun" marks the footnote reference mark for footnote 3:

"This process is discussed in Brun's new book (see note { NOTEREF Brun } )."

When the field is updated, the footnote number is displayed:

"This process is discussed in Brun's new book (see note 3)."

Share Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter Email Email

Was this information helpful?

Great! Any other feedback?

How can we improve it?

Thank you for your feedback!