Field codes: Hyperlink field

A hyperlink is a "hot spot" that allows you to jump to another location. The location can include another file on your hard disk or company's network (such as a Microsoft Word document or a Microsoft Excel worksheet), an Internet address (such as, or a location such as a bookmark or slide. The field includes display text, which is often blue and underlined, that the user clicks to jump to the specified location. You can insert hyperlinks by clicking the Hyperlink command in the Links group on the Insert tab.

Security Note: Because field codes can be visible to anyone reading your document, be sure that the information you place in field codes is not information that you want kept private.


When you view Hyperlink field code in your document, the syntax looks like this:

{ HYPERLINK "Filename" [Switches ] }

Note: A field code tells the field what to show. Field results are what is shown in the document after having evaluated the field code. To toggle between viewing the field code and the field code results, press Alt+F9.



The destination you want to jump to. If the location includes a long file name with spaces, enclose it in quotation marks. Replace single backslashes with double backslashes to specify the path, for example:

"C:\\My Documents\\Manual.doc"

For Internet addresses, include the protocol and the same syntax as the URL, for example:


and "".



Specifies a location in the file, such as a bookmark, where this hyperlink will jump.


Appends coordinates to a hyperlink for a server-side image map.


Causes the destination site to be opened in a new window.


Specifies the ScreenTip text for the hyperlink.


Specifies the target that the link should be redirected into. Use this switch to link from a frames page to a page that you want to appear outside of the frames page. For example:

{ Hyperlink "filename" \t "_top" }

The destination Web page will appear in the entire browser window instead of a frame.

Options for the \t switch are:

\t "_top"

Whole page

\t "_self"

Same frame

\t "_blank"

New window

\t "_parent"

Parent frame

The default (without the switch specified) is Page Default (none).


This field code and text: "The project's budget is final. Click { HYPERLINK "C:\\My Documents\\budget.xls" } for more information." produces the following:

"The project's budget is final. Click 1999 Budget for more information."

Note: The text, 1999 Budget, will contain the hyperlink.

Clicking the blue text opens the worksheet called Budget.xls in the My Documents folder. The hyperlink display text is "1999 Budget" and isn't included in the field syntax. You can edit the display text for the field by typing over it.

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