Excel functions (alphabetical)

Click a letter to go to functions that start with it. Or press Ctrl+F to find a function by typing the first few letters or a descriptive word. To get detailed information about a function, click its name in the first column.

A   B   C   D   E    F   G   H   I   J    K   L    M   

N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Note   Version markers indicate the version of Excel a function was introduced. These functions aren't available in earlier versions.

Important   The calculated results of formulas and some Excel worksheet functions may differ slightly between a Windows PC using x86 or x86-64 architecture and a Windows RT PC using ARM architecture. Learn more about the differences.

Function name

Type and description

ABS function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the absolute value of a number

ACCRINT function

Financial:    Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest

ACCRINTM function

Financial:    Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity

ACOS function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arccosine of a number

ACOSH function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number

ACOT function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arccotangent of a number

ACOTH function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number

AGGREGATE function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns an aggregate in a list or database

ADDRESS function

Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet

AMORDEGRC function

Financial:    Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient

AMORLINC function

Financial:    Returns the depreciation for each accounting period

AND function

Logical:    Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE

ARABIC function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number

AREAS function

Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of areas in a reference

ASC function

Text:    Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters

ASIN function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arcsine of a number

ASINH function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number

ATAN function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arctangent of a number

ATAN2 function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates

ATANH function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number

AVEDEV function

Statistical:    Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean

AVERAGE function

Statistical:    Returns the average of its arguments

AVERAGEA function

Statistical:    Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

AVERAGEIF function

Statistical:    Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria

AVERAGEIFS function

Statistical:    Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria.

BAHTTEXT function

Text:    Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format

BASE function

Math and trigonometry:    Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base)

BESSELI function

Engineering:    Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)

BESSELJ function

Engineering:    Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)

BESSELK function

Engineering:    Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)

BESSELY function

Engineering:    Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)

BETADIST function

Compatibility:    Returns the beta cumulative distribution function

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

BETA.DIST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the beta cumulative distribution function

BETAINV function

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

BETA.INV function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution

BIN2DEC function

Engineering:    Converts a binary number to decimal

BIN2HEX function

Engineering:    Converts a binary number to hexadecimal

BIN2OCT function

Engineering:    Converts a binary number to octal

BINOMDIST function

Compatibility:    Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

BINOM.DIST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability

BINOM.DIST.RANGE function
Excel 2013

Statistical:    Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution

BINOM.INV function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value

BITAND function
Excel 2013

Engineering:    Returns a 'Bitwise And' of two numbers

BITLSHIFT function
Excel 2013

Engineering:    Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits

BITOR function
Excel 2013

Engineering:    Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers

BITRSHIFT function
Excel 2013

Engineering:    Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits

BITXOR function
Excel 2013

Engineering:    Returns a bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers

CALL function

Add-in and Automation:    Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource

CEILING function

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

CEILING.MATH function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

CEILING.PRECISE function

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.

CELL function

Information:    Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell

Note    This function is not available in Excel Online.

CHAR function

Text:    Returns the character specified by the code number

CHIDIST function

Compatibility:    Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

CHIINV function

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

CHITEST function

Compatibility:    Returns the test for independence

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

CHISQ.DIST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the cumulative beta probability density function

CHISQ.DIST.RT function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHISQ.INV function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the cumulative beta probability density function

CHISQ.INV.RT function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHISQ.TEST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the test for independence

CHOOSE function

Lookup and reference:    Chooses a value from a list of values

CLEAN function

Text:    Removes all nonprintable characters from text

CODE function

Text:    Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string

COLUMN function

Lookup and reference:    Returns the column number of a reference

COLUMNS function

Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of columns in a reference

COMBIN function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects

COMBINA function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:   
Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items

COMPLEX function

Engineering:    Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number

CONCATENATE function

Text:    Joins several text items into one text item

CONFIDENCE function

Compatibility:    Returns the confidence interval for a population mean

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

CONFIDENCE.NORM function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the confidence interval for a population mean

CONFIDENCE.T function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution

CONVERT function

Engineering:    Converts a number from one measurement system to another

CORREL function

Statistical:    Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets

COS function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the cosine of a number

COSH function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number

COT function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number

COTH function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the cotangent of an angle

COUNT function

Statistical:    Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments

COUNTA function

Statistical:    Counts how many values are in the list of arguments

COUNTBLANK function

Statistical:    Counts the number of blank cells within a range

COUNTIF function

Statistical:    Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria

COUNTIFS function

Statistical:    Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria

COUPDAYBS function

Financial:    Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date

COUPDAYS function

Financial:    Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date

COUPDAYSNC function

Financial:    Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date

COUPNCD function

Financial:    Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date

COUPNUM function

Financial:    Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date

COUPPCD function

Financial:    Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date

COVAR function

Compatibility:    Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

COVARIANCE.P function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations

COVARIANCE.S function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets

CRITBINOM function

Compatibility:    Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

CSC function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the cosecant of an angle

CSCH function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle

CUBEKPIMEMBER function

Cube:    Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance.

CUBEMEMBER function

Cube:    Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube.

CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY function

Cube:    Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.

CUBERANKEDMEMBER function

Cube:    Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students.

CUBESET function

Cube:    Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel.

CUBESETCOUNT function

Cube:    Returns the number of items in a set.

CUBEVALUE function

Cube:    Returns an aggregated value from a cube.

CUMIPMT function

Financial:    Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods

CUMPRINC function

Financial:    Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods

DATE function

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of a particular date

DATEDIF function

Date and time:    Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age.

DATEVALUE function

Date and time:    Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number

DAVERAGE function

Database:    Returns the average of selected database entries

DAY function

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a day of the month

DAYS function
Excel 2013

Date and time:    Returns the number of days between two dates

DAYS360 function

Date and time:    Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year

DB function

Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method

DBCS function
Excel 2013

Text:    Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters

DCOUNT function

Database:    Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database

DCOUNTA function

Database:    Counts nonblank cells in a database

DDB function

Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify

DEC2BIN function

Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to binary

DEC2HEX function

Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal

DEC2OCT function

Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to octal

DECIMAL function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number

DEGREES function

Math and trigonometry:    Converts radians to degrees

DELTA function

Engineering:    Tests whether two values are equal

DEVSQ function

Statistical:    Returns the sum of squares of deviations

DGET function

Database:    Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria

DISC function

Financial:    Returns the discount rate for a security

DMAX function

Database:    Returns the maximum value from selected database entries

DMIN function

Database:    Returns the minimum value from selected database entries

DOLLAR function

Text:    Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format

DOLLARDE function

Financial:    Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number

DOLLARFR function

Financial:    Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction

DPRODUCT function

Database:    Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database

DSTDEV function

Database:    Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries

DSTDEVP function

Database:    Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries

DSUM function

Database:    Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria

DURATION function

Financial:    Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments

DVAR function

Database:    Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries

DVARP function

Database:    Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries

EDATE function

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date

EFFECT function

Financial:    Returns the effective annual interest rate

ENCODEURL function
Excel 2013

Web:    Returns a URL-encoded string

Note    This function is not available in Excel Online.

EOMONTH function

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months

ERF function

Engineering:    Returns the error function

ERF.PRECISE function
Excel 2010

Engineering:    Returns the error function

ERFC function

Engineering:    Returns the complementary error function

ERFC.PRECISE function
Excel 2010

Engineering:    Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity

ERROR.TYPE function

Information:    Returns a number corresponding to an error type

EUROCONVERT function

Add-in and Automation:    Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation).

EVEN function

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer

EXACT function

Text:    Checks to see if two text values are identical

EXP function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns e raised to the power of a given number

EXPON.DIST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the exponential distribution

EXPONDIST function

Compatibility:    Returns the exponential distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

FACT function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the factorial of a number

FACTDOUBLE function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the double factorial of a number

FALSE function

Logical:    Returns the logical value FALSE

F.DIST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the F probability distribution

FDIST function

Compatibility:    Returns the F probability distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

F.DIST.RT function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the F probability distribution

FILTERXML function
Excel 2013

Web:    Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath

Note    This function is not available in Excel Online.

FIND, FINDB functions

Text:    Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)

F.INV function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

F.INV.RT function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

FINV function

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

FISHER function

Statistical:    Returns the Fisher transformation

FISHERINV function

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation

FIXED function

Text:    Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals

FLOOR function

Compatibility:    Rounds a number down, toward zero

Note   In Excel 2007 and Excel 2010, this is a Math and trigonometry function.

FLOOR.MATH function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

FLOOR.PRECISE function

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.

FORECAST function

Statistical:    Returns a value along a linear trend

Note   In Excel 2016, this function is replaced with FORECAST.LINEAR as part of the new Forecasting functions, but it's still available for compatibility with earlier versions.

FORECAST.ETS function
Excel 2016

Statistical:    Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm

Note   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT function
Excel 2016

Statistical:    Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date

Note   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY function
Excel 2016

Statistical:    Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series

Note   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

FORECAST.ETS.STAT function
Excel 2016

Statistical:    Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting

Note   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

FORECAST.LINEAR function
Excel 2016

Statistical:    Returns a future value based on existing values

Note   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

FORMULATEXT function
Excel 2013

Lookup and reference:    Returns the formula at the given reference as text

FREQUENCY function

Statistical:    Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array

F.TEST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the result of an F-test

FTEST function

Compatibility:    Returns the result of an F-test

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

FV function

Financial:    Returns the future value of an investment

FVSCHEDULE function

Financial:    Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates

GAMMA function
Excel 2013

Statistical:    Returns the Gamma function value

GAMMA.DIST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the gamma distribution

GAMMADIST function

Compatibility:    Returns the gamma distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

GAMMA.INV function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

GAMMAINV function

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

GAMMALN function

Statistical:    Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)

GAMMALN.PRECISE function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)

GAUSS function
Excel 2013

Statistical:    Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution

GCD function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the greatest common divisor

GEOMEAN function

Statistical:    Returns the geometric mean

GESTEP function

Engineering:    Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value

GETPIVOTDATA function
Excel 2010

Add-in and Automation:    Returns data stored in a PivotTable report

GROWTH function

Statistical:    Returns values along an exponential trend

HARMEAN function

Statistical:    Returns the harmonic mean

HEX2BIN function

Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to binary

HEX2DEC function

Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal

HEX2OCT function

Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to octal

HLOOKUP function

Lookup and reference:    Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell

HOUR function

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to an hour

HYPERLINK function

Lookup and reference:    Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet

HYPGEOM.DIST function

Statistical:    Returns the hypergeometric distribution

HYPGEOMDIST function

Compatibility:    Returns the hypergeometric distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

IF function

Logical:    Specifies a logical test to perform

IFERROR function

Logical:    Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula

IFNA function
Excel 2013

Logical:    Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression

IMABS function

Engineering:    Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number

IMAGINARY function

Engineering:    Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number

IMARGUMENT function

Engineering:    Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians

IMCONJUGATE function

Engineering:    Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number

IMCOS function

Engineering:    Returns the cosine of a complex number

IMCOSH function
Excel 2013

Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number

IMCOT function
Excel 2013

Engineering:    Returns the cotangent of a complex number

IMCSC function
Excel 2013

Engineering:   Returns the cosecant of a complex number

IMCSCH function
Excel 2013

Engineering:   Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number

IMDIV function

Engineering:    Returns the quotient of two complex numbers

IMEXP function

Engineering:    Returns the exponential of a complex number

IMLN function

Engineering:    Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number

IMLOG10 function

Engineering:    Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number

IMLOG2 function

Engineering:    Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number

IMPOWER function

Engineering:    Returns a complex number raised to an integer power

IMPRODUCT function

Engineering:    Returns the product of complex numbers

IMREAL function

Engineering:    Returns the real coefficient of a complex number

IMSEC function
Excel 2013

Engineering:    Returns the secant of a complex number

IMSECH function
Excel 2013

Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number

IMSIN function

Engineering:    Returns the sine of a complex number

IMSINH function
Excel 2013

Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number

IMSQRT function

Engineering:    Returns the square root of a complex number

IMSUB function

Engineering:    Returns the difference between two complex numbers

IMSUM function

Engineering:    Returns the sum of complex numbers

IMTAN function
Excel 2013

Engineering:    Returns the tangent of a complex number

INDEX function

Lookup and reference:    Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array

INDIRECT function

Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference indicated by a text value

INFO function

Information:    Returns information about the current operating environment

Note    This function is not available in Excel Online.

INT function

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down to the nearest integer

INTERCEPT function

Statistical:    Returns the intercept of the linear regression line

INTRATE function

Financial:    Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security

IPMT function

Financial:    Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period

IRR function

Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows

ISBLANK function

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is blank

ISERR function

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A

ISERROR function

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is any error value

ISEVEN function

Information:    Returns TRUE if the number is even

ISFORMULA function
Excel 2013

Information:    Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula

ISLOGICAL function

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value

ISNA function

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value

ISNONTEXT function

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is not text

ISNUMBER function

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a number

ISODD function

Information:    Returns TRUE if the number is odd

ISREF function

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a reference

ISTEXT function

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is text

ISO.CEILING function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

ISOWEEKNUM function
Excel 2013

Date and time:   Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date

ISPMT function

Financial:    Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment

JIS function

Text:   Changes half-width (single-byte) characters within a string to full-width (double-byte) characters

KURT function

Statistical:    Returns the kurtosis of a data set

LARGE function

Statistical:    Returns the k-th largest value in a data set

LCM function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the least common multiple

LEFT, LEFTB functions

Text:    Returns the leftmost characters from a text value

LEN, LENB functions

Text:    Returns the number of characters in a text string

LINEST function

Statistical:    Returns the parameters of a linear trend

LN function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the natural logarithm of a number

LOG function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base

LOG10 function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number

LOGEST function

Statistical:    Returns the parameters of an exponential trend

LOGINV function

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution

LOGNORM.DIST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution

LOGNORMDIST function

Compatibility:    Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution

LOGNORM.INV function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution

LOOKUP function

Lookup and reference:    Looks up values in a vector or array

LOWER function

Text:    Converts text to lowercase

MATCH function

Lookup and reference:    Looks up values in a reference or array

MAX function

Statistical:    Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments

MAXA function

Statistical:    Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

MDETERM function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix determinant of an array

MDURATION function

Financial:    Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100

MEDIAN function

Statistical:    Returns the median of the given numbers

MID, MIDB functions

Text:    Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify

MIN function

Statistical:    Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments

MINA function

Statistical:    Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

MINUTE function

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a minute

MINVERSE function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix inverse of an array

MIRR function

Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates

MMULT function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix product of two arrays

MOD function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the remainder from division

MODE function

Compatibility:    Returns the most common value in a data set

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

MODE.MULT function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data

MODE.SNGL function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the most common value in a data set

MONTH function

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a month

MROUND function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple

MULTINOMIAL function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers

MUNIT function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension

N function

Information:    Returns a value converted to a number

NA function

Information:    Returns the error value #N/A

NEGBINOM.DIST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the negative binomial distribution

NEGBINOMDIST function

Compatibility:    Returns the negative binomial distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

NETWORKDAYS function

Date and time:    Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates

NETWORKDAYS.INTL function
Excel 2010

Date and time:    Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days

NOMINAL function

Financial:    Returns the annual nominal interest rate

NORM.DIST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the normal cumulative distribution

NORMDIST function

Compatibility:    Returns the normal cumulative distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

NORMINV function

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution

NORM.INV function
Excel 2010

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

NORM.S.DIST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution

NORMSDIST function

Compatibility:    Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

NORM.S.INV function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution

NORMSINV function

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

NOT function

Logical:    Reverses the logic of its argument

NOW function

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the current date and time

NPER function

Financial:    Returns the number of periods for an investment

NPV function

Financial:    Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate

NUMBERVALUE function
Excel 2013

Text:    Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner

OCT2BIN function

Engineering:    Converts an octal number to binary

OCT2DEC function

Engineering:    Converts an octal number to decimal

OCT2HEX function

Engineering:    Converts an octal number to hexadecimal

ODD function

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer

ODDFPRICE function

Financial:    Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period

ODDFYIELD function

Financial:    Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period

ODDLPRICE function

Financial:    Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period

ODDLYIELD function

Financial:    Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period

OFFSET function

Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference offset from a given reference

OR function

Logical:    Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE

PDURATION function
Excel 2013

Financial:   Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value

PEARSON function

Statistical:    Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

PERCENTILE.EXC function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive

PERCENTILE.INC function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range

PERCENTILE function

Compatibility:    Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

PERCENTRANK.EXC function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set

PERCENTRANK.INC function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set

PERCENTRANK function

Compatibility:    Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

PERMUT function

Statistical:    Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects

PERMUTATIONA function
Excel 2013

Statistical:    Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects

PHI function
Excel 2013

Statistical:    Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution

PHONETIC function

Text:    Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string

PI function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the value of pi

PMT function

Financial:    Returns the periodic payment for an annuity

POISSON.DIST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the Poisson distribution

POISSON function

Compatibility:    Returns the Poisson distribution

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

POWER function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the result of a number raised to a power

PPMT function

Financial:    Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period

PRICE function

Financial:    Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest

PRICEDISC function

Financial:    Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security

PRICEMAT function

Financial:    Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity

PROB function

Statistical:    Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits

PRODUCT function

Math and trigonometry:    Multiplies its arguments

PROPER function

Text:    Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value

PV function

Financial:    Returns the present value of an investment

QUARTILE function

Compatibility:    Returns the quartile of a data set

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

QUARTILE.EXC function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive

QUARTILE.INC function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the quartile of a data set

QUOTIENT function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the integer portion of a division

RADIANS function

Math and trigonometry:    Converts degrees to radians

RAND function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns a random number between 0 and 1

RANDBETWEEN function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns a random number between the numbers you specify

RANK.AVG function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

RANK.EQ function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

RANK function

Compatibility:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

RATE function

Financial:    Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity

RECEIVED function

Financial:    Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security

REGISTER.ID function

Add-in and Automation:    Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered

REPLACE, REPLACEB functions

Text:    Replaces characters within text

REPT function

Text:    Repeats text a given number of times

RIGHT, RIGHTB functions

Text:    Returns the rightmost characters from a text value

ROMAN function

Math and trigonometry:    Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text

ROUND function

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number to a specified number of digits

ROUNDDOWN function

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down, toward zero

ROUNDUP function

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up, away from zero

ROW function

Lookup and reference:    Returns the row number of a reference

ROWS function

Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of rows in a reference

RRI function
Excel 2013

Financial:    Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment

RSQ function

Statistical:    Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

RTD function

Lookup and reference:    Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation

SEARCH, SEARCHB functions

Text:    Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)

SEC function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the secant of an angle

SECH function
Excel 2013

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle

SECOND function

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a second

SERIESSUM function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula

SHEET function
Excel 2013

Information:    Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet

SHEETS function
Excel 2013

Information:    Returns the number of sheets in a reference

SIGN function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sign of a number

SIN function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sine of the given angle

SINH function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number

SKEW function

Statistical:    Returns the skewness of a distribution

SKEW.P function
Excel 2013

Statistical:    Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean

SLN function

Financial:    Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period

SLOPE function

Statistical:    Returns the slope of the linear regression line

SMALL function

Statistical:    Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set

SQL.REQUEST function

Add-in and Automation:    Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming

SQRT function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns a positive square root

SQRTPI function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the square root of (number * pi)

STANDARDIZE function

Statistical:    Returns a normalized value

STDEV function

Compatibility:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample

STDEV.P function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population

STDEV.S function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample

STDEVA function

Statistical:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values

STDEVP function

Compatibility:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

STDEVPA function

Statistical:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

STEYX function

Statistical:    Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression

SUBSTITUTE function

Text:    Substitutes new text for old text in a text string

SUBTOTAL function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns a subtotal in a list or database

SUM function

Math and trigonometry:    Adds its arguments

SUMIF function

Math and trigonometry:    Adds the cells specified by a given criteria

SUMIFS function

Math and trigonometry:    Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria

SUMPRODUCT function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components

SUMSQ function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments

SUMX2MY2 function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

SUMX2PY2 function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

SUMXMY2 function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays

SYD function

Financial:    Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period

T function

Text:    Converts its arguments to text

TAN function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the tangent of a number

TANH function

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number

TBILLEQ function

Financial:    Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill

TBILLPRICE function

Financial:    Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill

TBILLYIELD function

Financial:    Returns the yield for a Treasury bill

T.DIST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution

T.DIST.2T function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution

T.DIST.RT function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the Student's t-distribution

TDIST function

Compatibility:    Returns the Student's t-distribution

TEXT function

Text:    Formats a number and converts it to text

TIME function

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of a particular time

TIMEVALUE function

Date and time:    Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number

T.INV function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the t-value of the Student's t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom

T.INV.2T function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution

TINV function

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution

TODAY function

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of today's date

TRANSPOSE function

Lookup and reference:    Returns the transpose of an array

TREND function

Statistical:    Returns values along a linear trend

TRIM function

Text:    Removes spaces from text

TRIMMEAN function

Statistical:    Returns the mean of the interior of a data set

TRUE function

Logical:    Returns the logical value TRUE

TRUNC function

Math and trigonometry:    Truncates a number to an integer

T.TEST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test

TTEST function

Compatibility:    Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

TYPE function

Information:    Returns a number indicating the data type of a value

UNICHAR function
Excel 2013

Text:    Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value

UNICODE function
Excel 2013

Text:    Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text

UPPER function

Text:    Converts text to uppercase

VALUE function

Text:    Converts a text argument to a number

VAR function

Compatibility:    Estimates variance based on a sample

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

VAR.P function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Calculates variance based on the entire population

VAR.S function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Estimates variance based on a sample

VARA function

Statistical:    Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values

VARP function

Compatibility:    Calculates variance based on the entire population

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

VARPA function

Statistical:    Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

VDB function

Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method

VLOOKUP function

Lookup and reference:    Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell

WEBSERVICE function
Excel 2013

Web:    Returns data from a web service.

Note    This function is not available in Excel Online.

WEEKDAY function

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a day of the week

WEEKNUM function

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year

WEIBULL function

Compatibility:    Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

WEIBULL.DIST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the Weibull distribution

WORKDAY function

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays

WORKDAY.INTL function
Excel 2010

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days

XIRR function

Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic

XNPV function

Financial:    Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic

XOR function
Excel 2013

Logical:    Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments

YEAR function

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a year

YEARFRAC function

Date and time:    Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date

YIELD function

Financial:    Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest

YIELDDISC function

Financial:    Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill

YIELDMAT function

Financial:    Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity

Z.TEST function
Excel 2010

Statistical:    Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

ZTEST function

Compatibility:    Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

Note   In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

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Applies To: Excel 2016 Preview, Excel Starter, Excel 2013, Excel Online, Excel 2007, Excel 2016 for Mac, Excel for Mac 2011, Excel 2010



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