DatePart Function

Returns a Variant (Integer) containing the specified part of a given date.

Syntax

DatePart ( interval, date [, firstdayofweek] [, firstweekofyear] )

The DatePart function syntax has these arguments:

Argument

Description

interval

Required. String expression that is the interval of time you want to return.

date

Required. Variant (Date) value that you want to evaluate.

firstdayofweek

Optional. A constant that specifies the first day of the week. If not specified, Sunday is assumed.

firstweekofyear

Optional. A constant that specifies the first week of the year. If not specified, the first week is assumed to be the week in which January 1 occurs.


Sett ings

The intervalargument has these settings:

Setting

Description

yyyy

Year

q

Quarter

m

Month

y

Day of year

d

Day

w

Weekday

ww

Week

h

Hour

n

Minute

s

Second


The firstdayofweek argument has these settings:

Constant

Value

Description

vbUseSystem

0

Use the NLS API setting.

vbSunday

1

Sunday (default)

vbMonday

2

Monday

vbTuesday

3

Tuesday

vbWednesday

4

Wednesday

vbThursday

5

Thursday

vbFriday

6

Friday

vbSaturday

7

Saturday


The firstweekofyear argument has these settings:

Constant

Value

Description

vbUseSystem

0

Use the NLS API setting.

vbFirstJan1

1

Start with week in which January 1 occurs (default).

vbFirstFourDays

2

Start with the first week that has at least four days in the new year.

vbFirstFullWeek

3

Start with first full week of the year.


Remarks

You can use the DatePart function to evaluate a date and return a specific interval of time. For example, you might use DatePart to calculate the day of the week or the current hour.

The firstdayofweek argument affects calculations that use the "w" and "ww" interval symbols.

If date is a date literal, the specified year becomes a permanent part of that date. However, if date is enclosed in double quotation marks (" "), and you omit the year, the current year is inserted in your code each time the date expression is evaluated. This makes it possible to write code that can be used in different years.

Note   For date, if the Calendar property setting is Gregorian, the supplied date must be Gregorian. If the calendar is Hijri, the supplied date must be Hijri.

The returned date part is in the time period units of the current Arabic calendar. For example, if the current calendar is Hijri and the date part to be returned is the year, the year value is a Hijri year.

Example

Note   Examples that follow demonstrate the use of this function in a Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) module. For more information about working with VBA, select Developer Reference in the drop-down list next to Search and enter one or more terms in the search box.

This example takes a date and, using the DatePart function, displays the quarter of the year in which it occurs.

Dim TheDate As Date    ' Declare variables.
Dim Msg
TheDate = InputBox("Enter a date:")
Msg = "Quarter: " & DatePart("q", TheDate)
MsgBox Msg

Applies To: Access 2007, Access 2010 Developer, Access 2013 Developer, Access 2007 Developer, Access 2013, Access 2010



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