DB function
This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the DB function in Microsoft Excel.
Description
Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period using the fixeddeclining balance method.
Syntax
DB(cost, salvage, life, period, [month])
The DB function syntax has the following arguments:

Cost Required. The initial cost of the asset.

Salvage Required. The value at the end of the depreciation (sometimes called the salvage value of the asset).

Life Required. The number of periods over which the asset is being depreciated (sometimes called the useful life of the asset).

Period Required. The period for which you want to calculate the depreciation. Period must use the same units as life.

Month Optional. The number of months in the first year. If month is omitted, it is assumed to be 12.
Remarks

The fixeddeclining balance method computes depreciation at a fixed rate. DB uses the following formulas to calculate depreciation for a period:
(cost  total depreciation from prior periods) * rate
where:
rate = 1  ((salvage / cost) ^ (1 / life)), rounded to three decimal places

Depreciation for the first and last periods is a special case. For the first period, DB uses this formula:
cost * rate * month / 12

For the last period, DB uses this formula:
((cost  total depreciation from prior periods) * rate * (12  month)) / 12
Example
Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.
Data 
Description 

$1,000,000 
Initial cost 

$100,000 
Salvage value 

6 
Lifetime in years 

Formula 
Description 
Result 
=DB(A2,A3,A4,1,7) 
Depreciation in first year, with only 7 months calculated 
$186,083.33 
=DB(A2,A3,A4,2,7) 
Depreciation in second year 
$259,639.42 
=DB(A2,A3,A4,3,7) 
Depreciation in third year 
$176,814.44 
=DB(A2,A3,A4,4,7) 
Depreciation in fourth year 
$120,410.64 
=DB(A2,A3,A4,5,7) 
Depreciation in fifth year 
$81,999.64 
=DB(A2,A3,A4,6,7) 
Depreciation in sixth year 
$55,841.76 
=DB(A2,A3,A4,7,7) 
Depreciation in seventh year, with only 5 months calculated 
$15,845.10 