COLUMNS function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the COLUMNSfunction in Microsoft Excel.

Description

Returns the number of columns in an array or reference.

Syntax

COLUMNS(array)

The COLUMNS function syntax has the following argument:

  • Array    Required. An array or array formula, or a reference to a range of cells for which you want the number of columns.

Example

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

How do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article.

    Important   Do not select the row or column headers.

    selecting an example from help

    Selecting an example from Help

  2. Press CTRL+C.

  3. In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.

  4. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

    Important   For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

  5. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

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A

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Formula

Description (Result)

=COLUMNS(C1:E4)

Number of columns in the reference (3)

=COLUMNS({1,2,3;4,5,6})

Number of columns in the array constant (3)

Applies To: Excel 2007, Excel 2010, Excel Starter, Excel Online, SharePoint Online



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