This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the CELL function in Microsoft Excel. Find links to more information about formatting the data in cells and applying cell styles in the See Also section.
Description
The CELL function returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell. For example, if you want to verify that a cell contains a numeric value instead of text before you perform a calculation on it, you can use the following formula:
= IF( CELL("type", A1) = "v", A1 * 2, 0)
This formula calculates A1*2 only if cell A1 contains a numeric value, and returns 0 if A1 contains text or is blank.
Syntax
CELL(info_type, [reference])
The CELL function syntax has the following arguments:

Info_type Required. A text value that specifies what type of cell information you want to return. The following list shows the possible values of the Info_type argument and the corresponding results.
info_type 
Returns 
"address" 
Reference of the first cell in reference, as text. 
"col" 
Column number of the cell in reference. 
"color" 
The value 1 if the cell is formatted in color for negative values; otherwise returns 0 (zero). Note: This value is not supported in Excel Online, Excel Mobile, and Excel Starter. 
"contents" 
Value of the upperleft cell in reference; not a formula. 
"filename" 
Filename (including full path) of the file that contains reference, as text. Returns empty text ("") if the worksheet that contains reference has not yet been saved. Note: This value is not supported in Excel Online, Excel Mobile, and Excel Starter. 
"format" 
Text value corresponding to the number format of the cell. The text values for the various formats are shown in the following table. Returns "" at the end of the text value if the cell is formatted in color for negative values. Returns "()" at the end of the text value if the cell is formatted with parentheses for positive or all values. Note: This value is not supported in Excel Online, Excel Mobile, and Excel Starter. 
"parentheses" 
The value 1 if the cell is formatted with parentheses for positive or all values; otherwise returns 0. Note: This value is not supported in Excel Online, Excel Mobile, and Excel Starter. 
"prefix" 
Text value corresponding to the "label prefix" of the cell. Returns single quotation mark (') if the cell contains leftaligned text, double quotation mark (") if the cell contains rightaligned text, caret (^) if the cell contains centered text, backslash (\) if the cell contains fillaligned text, and empty text ("") if the cell contains anything else. Note: This value is not supported in Excel Online, Excel Mobile, and Excel Starter. 
"protect" 
The value 0 if the cell is not locked; otherwise returns 1 if the cell is locked. Note: This value is not supported in Excel Online, Excel Mobile, and Excel Starter. 
"row" 
Row number of the cell in reference. 
"type" 
Text value corresponding to the type of data in the cell. Returns "b" for blank if the cell is empty, "l" for label if the cell contains a text constant, and "v" for value if the cell contains anything else. 
"width" 
Column width of the cell, rounded off to an integer. Each unit of column width is equal to the width of one character in the default font size. Note: This value is not supported in Excel Online, Excel Mobile, and Excel Starter. 

Reference Optional. The cell that you want information about. If omitted, the information specified in the Info_type argument is returned for the last cell that was changed. If the reference argument is a range of cells, the CELL function returns the information for only the upper left cell of the range.
CELL format codes
The following list describes the text values that the CELL function returns when the Info_type argument is "format" and the reference argument is a cell that is formatted with a builtin number format.
If the Excel format is 
The CELL function returns 
General 
"G" 
0 
"F0" 
#,##0 
",0" 
0.00 
"F2" 
#,##0.00 
",2" 
$#,##0_);($#,##0) 
"C0" 
$#,##0_);[Red]($#,##0) 
"C0" 
$#,##0.00_);($#,##0.00) 
"C2" 
$#,##0.00_);[Red]($#,##0.00) 
"C2" 
0% 
"P0" 
0.00% 
"P2" 
0.00E+00 
"S2" 
# ?/? or # ??/?? 
"G" 
m/d/yy or m/d/yy h:mm or mm/dd/yy 
"D4" 
dmmmyy or ddmmmyy 
"D1" 
dmmm or ddmmm 
"D2" 
mmmyy 
"D3" 
mm/dd 
"D5" 
h:mm AM/PM 
"D7" 
h:mm:ss AM/PM 
"D6" 
h:mm 
"D9" 
h:mm:ss 
"D8" 
Note: If the Info_type argument in the CELL function is "format" and you later apply a different format to the referenced cell, you must recalculate the worksheet to update the results of the CELL function.
Example
Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.
Data 

75 

Hello, world! 

Formula 
Description 
Result 
=CELL("row", A20) 
The row number of cell A20. 
20 
=CELL("contents", A3) 
The contents of cell A3. 
Hello, world! 
=CELL("type", A2) 
The data type of cell A2. A data type of "v" indicates value. 
v 