CEILING function

Returns number rounded up, away from zero, to the nearest multiple of significance. For example, if you want to avoid using pennies in your prices and your product is priced at $4.42, use the formula =CEILING(4.42,0.05) to round prices up to the nearest nickel.



Number     is the value you want to round.

Significance     is the multiple to which you want to round.


  • If either argument is nonnumeric, CEILING returns the #VALUE! error value.

  • Regardless of the sign of number, a value is rounded up when adjusted away from zero. If number is an exact multiple of significance, no rounding occurs.

  • If number and significance have different signs, CEILING returns the #NUM! error value.


The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

How to copy an example

  1. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.

  2. Select the example in the Help topic.

    Note   Do not select the row or column headers.

    Selecting an example from Help

    Selecting an example from Help

  3. Press CTRL+C.

  4. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

  5. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.










Description (Result)

=CEILING(2.5, 1)

Rounds 2.5 up to nearest multiple of 1 (3)

=CEILING(-2.5, -2)

Rounds -2.5 up to nearest multiple of -2 (-4)

=CEILING(-2.5, 2)

Returns an error, because -2.5 and 2 have different signs (#NUM!)

=CEILING(1.5, 0.1)

Rounds 1.5 up to the nearest multiple of 0.1 (1.5)

=CEILING(0.234, 0.01)

Rounds 0.234 up to the nearest multiple of 0.01 (0.24)

Applies To: Excel 2007

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