AND function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the ANDfunction in Microsoft Excel.

Description

Returns TRUE if all its arguments evaluate to TRUE; returns FALSE if one or more arguments evaluate to FALSE.

One common use for the AND function is to expand the usefulness of other functions that perform logical tests. For example, the IF function performs a logical test and then returns one value if the test evaluates to TRUE and another value if the test evaluates to FALSE. By using the AND function as the logical_test argument of the IF function, you can test many different conditions instead of just one.

Syntax

AND(logical1, [logical2], ...)

The AND function syntax has the following arguments:

  • logical1    Required. The first condition that you want to test that can evaluate to either TRUE or FALSE.

  • logical2, ...    Optional. Additional conditions that you want to test that can evaluate to either TRUE or FALSE, up to a maximum of 255 conditions.

Remarks

  • The arguments must evaluate to logical values, such as TRUE or FALSE, or the arguments must be arrays or references that contain logical values.

  • If an array or reference argument contains text or empty cells, those values are ignored.

  • If the specified range contains no logical values, the AND function returns the #VALUE! error value.

Examples

Example 1

Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.

Formula

Description

Result

=AND(TRUE, TRUE)

All arguments are TRUE

TRUE

=AND(TRUE, FALSE)

One argument is FALSE

FALSE

=AND(2+2=4, 2+3=5)

All arguments evaluate to TRUE

TRUE

Example 2

Data

50

104

Formula

Description

Result

=AND(1<A2, A2<100)

Displays TRUE if the number in cell A2 is between 1 and 100. Otherwise, it displays FALSE.

TRUE

=IF(AND(1<A3, A3<100), A3, "The value is out of range.")

Displays the number in cell A3, if it is between 1 and 100. Otherwise, it displays the message "The value is out of range."

The value is out of range.

=IF(AND(1<A2, A2<100), A2, "The value is out of range.")

Displays the number in cell A2, if it is between 1 and 100. Otherwise, it displays a message.

50

Applies To: Excel 2010, Excel Starter, Excel Online, SharePoint Online



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