Tips for working with images

Pictures have power on the page — the power to grab your reader's attention and to convey or enhance your message. Pictures help the reader scan the page and find entry points into the text. They give the reader a quick summary of what the text is about and help the reader gauge his or her interest in diving into it. They also can help a reader quickly grasp complex ideas.

Pictures can relieve the tedium of gray type. But they can also distract the reader from your message if the pictures don't relate closely to the message. Make sure you are in control of your message with the pictures that you use in your publication.

What do you want to do?

Enhance your message with pictures

Use the right size picture for the medium

Reduce the size of your publication by using linked pictures

Acquire pictures you can use

Refine the pictures you acquire

Enhance your message with pictures

When you create or select images for a publication, make them:

  • Relevant    Use pictures to clarify key concepts and attract attention to them. Because readers skim pages by reading headlines and picture captions, you can ensure that readers glean your most important messages by reinforcing the messages with a picture and a brief description.

  • Consistent    Unify your publication with your choice or treatment of pictures. You can give your pictures a consistent look in several ways. For example, you can use a small palette of colors or a single accent color, a common graphic style, the same camera angle or point of view, or consistent lighting. You can also apply the same filter effects to each image, or you can use the same human models in a progressing story line.

  • Human    Most people like to look at other people. Portraits of people will draw readers' attention, especially if the images are relevant and tell a story. By using images to show someone who is using your product or service, you help readers to see how it works and to envision themselves as using it.

  • Motionless    Animation grabs the eye and doesn't let it go. Gratuitous animation risks stopping your potential customers in their tracks — they may become so distracted that they miss the point. If you use an animated picture in an online publication, give it a clear purpose (for example, show a sequence of your product in use).

Use the right size picture for the medium

You can change the size and resolution of the graphics that you add, usually with good results. But sometimes a graphic can't be reduced or enlarged enough to fit your needs. That's why it is good to know what you need before you start and find the graphic that is the best match.

Graphics that are created by a paint program, a scanning program, or a digital camera are made up of a grid of differently colored squares called pixels. A picture contains the same amount of information, or number of pixels, whether you scale it larger or smaller in your publication.

The resolution of a picture is expressed in pixels per inch (ppi). You sometimes may see picture resolution expressed as dots per inch (dpi) instead of ppi. These terms are often used interchangeably.

If you want more details to appear as you enlarge your picture, you need to start with a picture that has more pixels, or a higher effective resolution. Enlarging a picture decreases the resolution (fewer ppi). Reducing the dimensions of a picture increases its resolution (more ppi).

If your picture resolution is too low, the picture will have a blocky appearance. If the picture resolution is too high, the file size of the publication becomes unnecessarily large, and it takes more time to open, edit, and print it. Pictures with a resolution higher than 1,000 ppi may not print at all.

Find the effective resolution

Every picture in your publication has an effective resolution that takes into account the original resolution of the graphic and the effect of scaling it in Microsoft Office Publisher. For example, a picture with an original resolution of 300 ppi that has been scaled 200 percent larger has an effective resolution of 150 ppi.

To find the effective resolution of a picture in your publication, do the following:

  1. On the Tools menu, click Graphics Manager. The Graphics Manager appears in the task pane on the left side of your screen.

  2. In the Graphics Manager task pane, under Select a picture, click the arrow next to the picture whose information you want to view, and then click Details.

  3. The Effective Resolution field displays the resolution in dots per inch (dpi).

If you plan to have color pictures printed by a commercial printer, the resolution of those pictures should be between 200 ppi and 300 ppi. You can have a higher resolution — up to 800 ppi — but you should not have a lower resolution. If you plan to use the pictures online only (on the Web or in Microsoft Office PowerPoint, for example), the pictures need to have a resolution of only 96 ppi, which is the screen resolution of computer monitors.

The file format can also affect file size. Before you change the resolution of your picture, make sure you use a file format that is appropriate for the content of the image. The following table lists common picture file formats, their uses, and their advantages.

File format

Online

Desktop printing

Commercial printing

Primary uses

Characteristics

BMP

x

x

Line art (icons, buttons, logos)

Small file size, few colors, no transparency, little compression

EMF

x

x

Line art

Improvement on BMP, with smaller file size

EPS

x

x

Line art, art with clipping paths, duotones, spot colors

CMYK color data

GIF

x

Low-resolution, flat-color, sharp-edged line art (icons, buttons, logos), animations

Small file size, few colors, transparency, some compression with no loss of detail

JPEG

x

x

Photos

Small file size, millions of colors, no transparency, flexible compression with loss of detail

PNG

x

x

x

Line art, animation

Improvement on GIF, with smaller file size, millions of colors, transparency, and compression without loss of detail

TIFF

x

x

Photos, line art

Large file size, rich RGB and CMYK color data, transparency, compression without loss of detail

WMF

x

x

Line art

Improvement on BMP, with smaller file size

Reducing high-resolution graphics

If you have just a few graphics whose resolution is too high, you may have no problem printing them. If you have several high-resolution graphics, your publication will be printed more efficiently if you reduce their resolution by compressing them.

Before you compress a picture, determine its size on the page. When you compress a picture in Publisher, it loses detail, so later enlargement will likely result in lower quality than you intended. You can reduce the dimensions of a compressed picture further without a loss in quality. If you do so, compress it again to remove additional unneeded image data.

Important   Before you reduce the resolution of a graphic that you intend to include in a publication that will be printed by a commercial printer, you should consult with your commercial printing service. They will be able to tell you exactly what resolution you need.

Reduce high-resolution graphics

In Publisher, you can reduce the resolution of one, several, or all pictures by compressing them.

  1. In Publisher, select one or more pictures whose resolution you want to reduce.

  2. Right-click one of the selected pictures, click Format Picture on the shortcut menu, and then click the Picture tab.

  3. Click Compress.

  4. In the Compress Pictures dialog box, under Target Output, do one of the following:

    • Click Commercial printing to compress the pictures to 300 pixels per inch (ppi).

    • Click Desktop Printing to compress the pictures to 220 ppi.

    • Click Web to compress the pictures to 96 ppi.

  5. Under Apply compression settings now, choose whether you want to compress all pictures in the publication or only the pictures that you selected, and then click OK.

  6. If a message appears asking whether you want to apply picture optimization, click Yes.

    A compressed version of the same picture or pictures replaces the original high-resolution picture or pictures.

Reduce the size of your publication by using linked pictures

Each time you insert a picture in your publication, the publication grows in size. By linking to the pictures instead, you can avoid a large file size caused by embedded graphics.

When you link to pictures, any subsequent changes that are made to the image files will be reflected in the pictures in your publication.

Note   If you move your publication to a different computer, be sure also to move copies of the linked pictures. When you use the Pack and Go Wizard, this step is done for you.

Insert a picture as a link

  1. On the Insert menu, point to Picture, and then click From File.

  2. In the Insert Picture dialog box, browse to find the picture that you want, and then select it.

  3. Click the arrow next to Insert, and then click Link to File.

Acquire pictures you can use

With good ideas, a good eye, and good equipment, you can take your own pictures or hire someone to take them.

If you don't have the ability to create professional-quality photos or illustrations, look for pictures at a variety of online sources, including:

  • Bing, which you can use without leaving your Office application. In Office 2013 go to Insert > Online Pictures. In older versions of Office, go to Insert > Clip Art.

  • Stock photo companies, such as Corbis and Getty (payment required)

  • Other search engines, such as MSN, Yahoo, and Google (usage rights vary)

  • Libraries and other public institutions, such as the Library of Congress (usage rights vary)

Legal issues

The wide availability of images online makes it tempting to copy and reuse a picture from the Web without explicit permission or payment. Avoid copyright infringement action by making sure that you have the right to use an image before you publish it.

When using pictures or clip art from Bing, you're responsible for respecting copyright, and the license filter in Bing can help you choose which images to use.

When you buy stock photography, you buy the rights to use it for a variety of purposes. Most pictures and stock photography cannot be used for resale; that is, you can use it to promote your business, but you cannot use it as the product itself.

If you have any doubts about using an image, contact the source owner and ask for permission before you publish it.

Refine the pictures you acquire

You can alter and enhance your pictures so that your publications have the unique look or character that suits your customers and your business. Although you can use a photo-editing program, such as Microsoft Digital Image 2006 or Adobe Photoshop, to create a nearly limitless number of changes, you can use the drawing tools in Publisher to make a wide range of refinements to a picture, including the following:

Remember: When you use any effect, you can give your publication a consistent appearance by applying the effect to all pictures in your publication.

Tip   After you modify a clip, you may want to save it so that you can use it again. To save a modified clip, right-click it, and then click Save as Picture on the shortcut menu. In the Save As dialog box, in the Save as type list, click a file format. If you plan to use the modified clip in print publications, save it in Microsoft Windows Metafile (.wmf) format. If you plan to use the clip in Web publications, click Change, and then click Web (96 dpi). Save the clip in Graphics Interchange Format (.gif). Click a location in Save in, and then click Save.

Cropping

When you crop an image, you are removing any areas that you don't want to be shown. In this example, all but the lower-right portion of the large image was cropped to focus tightly on the masks. The result is shown in the smallest image.

original clip art and two cropped versions

  1. Select the clip in your document.

  2. On the Picture toolbar, click Crop Cropping handle.

  3. Place the pointer over one of the black crop handles along the edge of the clip. Then click and drag until you have cropped the clip to the area that you want.

Resizing

When you find the perfect clip for your document, it might not be the right size. Because cropping isn't always appropriate, you can enlarge or reduce the clip so that it fits within a certain area. For example, the first clip below was reduced to the second clip.

Original and proportionally resized picture

  1. Select the clip.

  2. Move your pointer over one of the open circles at a corner of the image.

  3. Drag until the image is the size that you want.

    Note   Dragging an open circle at a corner resizes the image proportionally. If you drag one of the side circles, the image grows or shrinks disproportionately, as shown here.

Disproportionally resized picture

Rotating and flipping

Rotating a clip can enhance a page design by adding a dynamic asymmetry. For example, this mask in its vertical orientation is static and predictable. Rotated slightly, the mask gives the impression of movement (without the distraction of animation).

Original mask image mask image, rotated

Flipping a clip can provide symmetrical balance to the page. This pair of performers is created by copying the clip on the left and flipping its pasted duplicate on the right. They might serve as bookends for an important headline.

Original picture and a flipped copy

Rotate a clip

  1. Select the clip.

  2. On the Arrange menu, click Rotate or Flip, and then do one of the following:

    • Click Rotate Left 90° or Rotate Right 90° to rotate the clip in 90-degree increments. Click once to rotate the clip 90 degrees. Continue to click until the clip is in the position that you want.

    • Click Free Rotate, and then place the pointer over the round green handle at the top of the object. When you see a circle around the green handle, drag until the object is at the angle that you want.

Flip a clip

  1. Select the clip.

  2. On the Arrange menu, click Rotate or Flip, and then click Flip Horizontal or Flip Vertical.

Adding a drop shadow

Adding a drop shadow to a clip can give dimension and depth to your publication, and it can provide a professional appearance.

Drop shadow applied

  1. Select the clip.

  2. On the Formatting toolbar, click the Shadow Style button Button image and select the style that you want.

Note   To remove a drop shadow, click Shadow Style and then select No Shadow.

Changing contrast and brightness

You can change the appearance of a clip by adjusting the contrast and brightness of the image.

  1. Select the clip.

  2. On the Picture toolbar, do any of the following:

    • To increase the brightness, click More Brightness Button image.

    • To reduce the brightness, click Less Brightness Button image.

    • To increase the contrast, click More Contrast Button image.

    • To reduce the contrast, click Less Contrast Button image.

Adjust the levels and compare the differences. For example, you can make a clip darker by decreasing the brightness, or you can subdue it by reducing the contrast.

If you want to place the clip behind text, you can wash out the clip by clicking Color Button image on the Picture toolbar and then selecting the Washout option.

Wrapping the text around a clip

One way to add a professional look is to add text that wraps around an image. The Text Wrapping feature lets you place a clip amid blocks of text.

Tight text wrapping

  1. Insert the clip in a block of text.

  2. With the clip selected, on the Picture toolbar, click Text Wrapping Button image, and then click the style of text wrapping that you want to add.

    You can wrap text around, over and under, or through a picture. You also can choose to edit the wrap points, which can be useful with irregular shapes.

Tip   You can place the graphic in your document either before or after you add the text, but it may be easier to position the graphic with a text wrap after all of the text is in the document.

Applies To: Publisher 2013, Publisher 2007, Publisher 2010



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