Slide layouts contain formatting, positioning, and placeholders for all of the content that appears on a slide. Placeholders are the containers in layouts that hold such content as text (including body text, bulleted lists, and titles), tables, charts, SmartArt graphics, movies, sounds, pictures, and clip art. Slide layouts also contain the theme (colors, fonts, effects, and the background) of a slide.
Figure 1: All of the layout elements that you can include on a PowerPoint slide
PowerPoint includes built-in slide layouts, and you can modify these layouts to meet your specific needs, and you can share your custom layouts with other people who create presentations by using PowerPoint.
Figure 2: Built-in slide layouts, showing the placement of various placeholders for text or graphics
To learn more about slide masters, see What is a slide master?
Where can I find slide layouts?
If you want to apply a defined slide layout to a particular slide, select the slide. Then, on the toolbar ribbon, select Home > Layout and choose a layout from the gallery of options that appears.
If you want to customize the definition of a slide layout that you then later apply to individual slides, on the toolbar ribbon, select View > Slide Master.
The layout masters appear as thumbnails in the thumbnail pane under the slide master. Click a layout master in the thumbnail pane, and then begin customizing.