In September, 2018 we introduced several new functions in a family of functions called dynamic arrays. These functions will automatically populate a range, or array, and eliminate the need for legacy Ctrl+Shift+Enter (CSE) array formulas. When opening a workbook authored in dynamic array Excel in an older version of Excel, there are some compatibility considerations.
Whenever you write a formula in dynamic aware Excel, it determines if the formula has the potential to return multiple values (even if it currently only returning one value). If it could return multiple values, we will save it as a dynamic array formula, which will be seen in older versions of Excel as a legacy CSE formula.
Following are examples of the MUNIT function entered as a dynamic array, and as a legacy CSE formula. Note that legacy CSE array formulas behave very similarly to dynamic arrays. The major difference is that they are not able to resize, and have no spill border. For a comparison of the two, see: Dynamic array formulas vs. legacy CSE array formulas.
If you know you will be sharing dynamic array enabled workbooks with someone using non-dynamic aware Excel, it’s better to avoid using features that aren't available to them. You can use the compatibility checker to find formulas that are saved as dynamic array formulas and will appear as CSE arrays in older versions of Excel.