# AND function

Returns the logical value TRUE or Yes if all of the arguments evaluate to TRUE; returns FALSE or No if one or more arguments evaluate to FALSE.

## Syntax

AND(logical1,logical2,…)

Logical1,Logical2,…    are 1 to 30 conditions you want to test that can be either TRUE or FALSE.

## Remarks

• The arguments must evaluate to logical values such as TRUE or FALSE, or the arguments must be column references that contain logical values.

• If a column reference argument contains text, AND returns the #VALUE! Error value; if it is empty, it returns FALSE.

• If the arguments contain no logical values, AND returns the #VALUE! error value.

• If one or more arguments contain #NULL!, AND returns #NULL!.

## Example 1

Formula

Description (Result)

=AND(TRUE,TRUE)

All arguments are TRUE (Yes)

=AND(TRUE,FALSE)

One argument is FALSE (No)

=AND(2+2=4,2+3=5)

All arguments evaluate to TRUE (Yes)

=AND(TRUE,#NULL!)

One argument contains #NULL!(#NULL!)

## Example 2

Col1

Col2

Formula

Description (Result)

50

104

=AND(1<[Col1], [Col1]<100)

Because 50 is between 1 and 100 (Yes)

50

104

=IF(AND(1<[Col2], [Col2]<100),

Displays the second number, if it is between 1 and 100, otherwise displays a message (The value is out of range.)

50

104

=IF(AND(1<[Col1], [Col1]<100), [Col1], "The value is out of range.")

Displays the first number, if it is between 1 and 100, otherwise displays a message (50)

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