MID function

MID returns a specific number of characters from a text string, starting at the position you specify, based on the number of characters you specify.

Syntax

MID(text,start_num,num_chars)

Text     is the text string containing the characters you want to extract.

Start_num     is the position of the first character you want to extract in text. The first character in text has start_num 1, and so on.

Num_chars     specifies the number of characters you want MID to return from text.

Remarks

  • If start_num is greater than the length of text, MID returns "" (empty text).

  • If start_num is less than the length of text, but start_num plus num_chars exceeds the length of text, MID returns the characters up to the end of text.

  • If start_num is less than 1, MID returns the #VALUE! error value.

  • If num_chars is negative, MID returns the #VALUE! error value.

Examples

Formula

Description (Result)

=MID("Fluid Flow",1,5)

Five characters from the string, starting at the first character (Fluid)

=MID("Fluid Flow",7,20)

Twenty characters from the string, starting at the seventh (Flow)

=MID("Fluid Flow",20,5)

Because the starting point is greater than the length of the string, empty text is returned ()

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