Examples of commonly used formulas

Type of Formula



Create conditional formulas

Display or hide zero values

Hide error values and error indicators in cells


Look up values in a list of data

Date and Time

Add or subtract dates

Add or subtract units of time

Calculate the difference between two dates

Calculate the difference between two times

Count days before a date

Show dates as days of the week

Insert the current date and time in a cell

Insert Julian dates


Calculate a running balance

Calculate a compound annual growth rate (CAGR)


Calculate the average of a group of numbers

Calculate the median of a group of numbers

Find the most frequent number in a group of numbers


Add numbers

Subtract numbers

Multiply numbers

Divide numbers

Calculate percentages

Round a number

Raise a number to a power

Calculate the smallest or largest number in a range

Calculate the factorial or permutation of a number

Create a multiplication table


Count nonblank cells

Count how often a value occurs

Count unique values among duplicates

Count numbers greater than or less than a number

Calculate a running total


Convert times

Convert dates stored as text to dates

Convert numbers stored as text to numbers

Convert measurements

Convert numbers to different number systems


Change the case of text

Check if a cell contains text (case-insensitive)

Check if a cell contains text (case-sensitive)

Combine text and numbers

Combine text with a date or time

Combine first and last names

Combine two or more columns by using a function

Repeat a character in a cell

Display only the last four digits of identification numbers

Remove spaces and nonprinting characters from text

Remove characters from text

Insert the current Excel file name, path, or worksheet in a cell

Split names by using the Convert Text to Columns Wizard

Split text among columns by using functions

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